Regarding maps, click here for a map of the known world about the time of Josephus and Christ, put together by a Greek geographer Strabo, who lived in Pontus (near the Black Sea) in modern day Turkey. It interestingly shows early latitude lines based on the length of its longest day (in hours) at the summer solstice, about 21st June. Thus the equator shows 12 "equinoctial" hours (equal both night and day), Jerusalem is in between zone 3 and zone 4 or about 14¼ hours, while London's zone is "adiectus" — "furthest reach" (from Rome) — about 16½ hours of sunlight in summer (and very long winter nights).
Click here for a larger and more detailed map of the West, about 400AD. Click here for a map of the East showing trade routes as recorded by the Egyptian geographer Ptolemy, about 150AD.
Click here to see today's situation, the world now numbering over seven billion descendants — the large nations of China, of India, and the layout of the world's nations today showing their "declared" Muslim / Christian
Josephus was a Jewish general, a descendant of the priestly Maccabee tribe at the time of the fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD. In 71 AD Roman Emperor Vespasian commissioned Josephus to write a history of this war, which he finished in 78 AD. His second major work, the Antiquities of the Jews was a 20 volume work, completed around 93 AD. It was a commentary in Greek that fleshed out the Book of Genesis as well as providing a background to the Jews from the time of Abraham to that present time. He next wrote Against Apion in about
With regard to Jesus, below are the words he is recorded as having written that were published in paragraph 3, chapter 3, Book 18 of Antiquities of the Jews:
"Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. He drew over to him both many of the Jews and many of the Gentiles. He was (the) Christ. And when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men amongst us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did not forsake him, for he appeared to them alive again the third day, as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him. And the tribe of Christians, so named from him, are not extinct at this day."
The extract below is from Answers in Genesis quoting from Josephus Book 1 of Antiquities of the Jews.
Click here to view a graphical image of this layout in a separate page.
The following are excerpts from Josephus’s Antiquity of Jews as translated by William Whiston and adapted in the Online Bible. The names of Noah’s grandsons are numbered, and his great-grandsons have a letter associated with their father’s number, etc.
Now they were the grandchildren of Noah, in honour of whom names were imposed on the nations by those who first settled them.
Japheth, the son of Noah, had seven sons: they inhabited so, that, beginning at the mountains
1. Gomer founded those whom the Greeks now call Galatians (Gauls / Celts), but were then called Gomerites.
2. Magog founded those who from him were named Magogites, but who are by the Greeks called Scythians associated by the Greeks with "the epitome of savagery and barbarianism", and associated by many today with the Slavic (or slave) peoples of Russia and Serbia, Bosnia and Croatia, Poland, Slovenia, Czechoslovakia, etc, but see that Scythian link above for Paul the apostle's comments regarding the fact "there are no more barbarians, Scythians, slaves, free", etc.
3. Now as to Javan and Madai, the sons of Japheth, from Madai came the Madeans, who are called Medes by the Greeks (Media in Western Persia) identified by the Greek historian, Herodotus, with the Aryans (from which comes Persia's modern name Iran), and who later spread into northern India,
4. but from Javan, Ionia, and all the Greeks, are derived. Note, in the Greek legend of the flood, very much a local affair, Deucalion and his wife were left as the only surviving humans on earth (c. 1528BC). They have a son Hellen (pronounced Helleen), from which comes the Greek word for itself, "Hellas", and two grandsons, Graecus and Latinus, from which we get those words "Greek" and "Latin".
5. Thobel or Tubal founded the Thobelites, who are now called Iberes (Georgia).
Tubal is also identified by many with settlements around the Tiber River (in Italy) and the Ebra River in the Iberian Peninsula, which the Romans later named Hispania, or Spain, home place for the later Sephardi Jews,
6. and the Mosocheni were founded by Mosoch or Meshech, now they are Cappadocians, much of central modern day Turkey. There is also a mark of their ancient name still to be shown, for there is even now among them a city called Mazaca, which may inform those who are able to understand, that so was the entire nation once called.
Identified by many also with the Moscow River and the city of Moscow to the north Click here.
7. Thiras or Tiras also called those whom he ruled over, Thirasians, but the Greeks changed the name into Thracians in northern Greece. And so many were the countries that had the children of Japheth for their inhabitants.
1A. Of the three sons of Gomer, Ashkenaz founded the home place for the later Ashkenazi Jews (Germany), who are now called by the Greeks Rheginians.
1B. So did Riphas or Riphath found the Riphasians, now called Paphlagonians in northern modern day Turkey, just below the Black Sea, and
1C. Togarmah the Togarmans [Turks], who, as the Greeks resolved, were named Phrygians.
4A. Of the three sons of Javan also, the son of Japheth, Elishah gave name to the Eliseans, who were his subjects, they are now the Aeolians (Thessaly in northern Greece).
4B. Tarshish or initially Tharshish to the Tarshians, for so was Cilicia of old called, the sign of which is this, that the noblest city they have, and a metropolis also, is Tarsus (where Paul the apostle was born), the τ tau, pronounced "t" (in Hebrew the Mark of life see
Click here re later sailings — west into Tartessos (Cadiz) in southern Spain and east into Asia (possibly Japan and even to Java).
4C. Cethimus or Kittim/Chittim possessed the island Cethima, it is now called Cyprus, and from that it is that all islands, and the greatest part of the sea coasts, are named Cethim by the Hebrews, and one city there is in Cyprus that has been able to preserve its name, it has been called Citius by those who use the language of the Greeks, and has not, by the use of that dialect, escaped the name of Cethim. And so many nations have the children and grandchildren of Japheth possessed.
The children of Ham possessed the land from Syria and Amanus (ancient Antioch), and the mountains of Libanus (modern day Lebanon), settling all that was on its sea coasts (in Africa) and as far as the (Atlantic) ocean, and keeping it as their own. Some indeed of its names are utterly vanished away, others of them, being changed, and another sound given them, are hardly to be discovered, yet a few there are which have kept their names entire.
1. For of the four sons of Ham, time has not at all hurt the name of Cush, for the Ethiopians, over whom he reigned, are even at this day, both by themselves and by all men in Asia, called Cushites.
2. The memory also of the Mesraites is preserved in their name, for all we who inhabit this country [of Judea] called Egypt Mestre [Mizraim], and the Egyptians Mestreans.
3. Phut also was the founder of Libya, and called the inhabitants Phutites, from himself, there is also a river in the country of Moors which bears that name, where it is that we may see the greatest part of the Greek historiographers mention that river and the adjoining country by the appellation of Phut,
but the name it has now, has been by change given it from one of the sons of Mizraim, who was called Lybyos. We will inform you presently what has been the occasion why it has been called Africa also (ie from Epher, son of Midian and grandson of Abraham
4. Canaan, the fourth son of Ham, inhabited the country now called Judea, and called it from his own name Canaan.
The children of these were these:
1A. Sabas Seba, who founded the Sabeans (Yemen),
1B. Evilas or Havilah, who founded the Evileans, who are called Getuli,
1C. Sabathes or Sabtah, founded the Sabathens—they are now called by the Greeks, Astaborans,
1D. Sabactas or Sabtechah settled the Sabactens, and
1E. Ragmus or Raamah the Ragmeans, and he had two sons, the one of whom, Judadas or Dedan, settled the Judadeans, a nation of the Western Ethiopians, and left them his name, as did Sabas Sheba to the Sabeans.
Josephus Book 2 Chapter 10 Paragraph 2 states that this Sheba, spelled differently from Seba (Yemen), was a royal city of Ethiopia, which Cambyses (circa 440 BC) afterwards named Mero, after the name of his own sister.
1F. But Nimrod, the son of Cush, stayed and tyrannized at Babylon, as we have already informed you.
Nimrod also built the cities of Erech (Uruk) and Accad (Akkad). He is thus associated by many with the mostly legendary account of Gilgamesh (of Uruk) and with Sargon of Akkad.
Akkadian incidentally, is the language used on those
Now all the children of Mizraim, being eight in number, possessed the country from Gaza to Egypt, though it retained the name of one only,
2A. the Philistim for the Greeks call part of that country Palestine.
2B. As for the rest, Ludicim or Ludim, and
2C. Enemim or Anamim, and
2D. Labim or Lehabim, who alone inhabited in Libya, and called the country from himself,
2E. Nedim or Naphtuhim and
2F. Phethrosim or Pathrusim, and
2G. Chesloim or Casluhim, and
2H. Caphthorim or Caphtorim, we know nothing of them besides their names, for the Ethiopic war, which we shall describe hereafter, was the cause that those cities were overthrown.
4A. The sons of Canaan were these: Sidonius, who also built a city of the same name—it is called by the Greeks, Sidon,
4B. Amathus or Hamath inhabited in Amathine, which is even now called Amathe by the inhabitants, although the Macedonians named it Epiphania, from one of his posterity Antiochus Epiphanes,
4C. Arudeus or Arvadite possessed the island Aradus,
4D. Arucas or Arkite possessed Arce, which is in Libanus — Lebanon, but for the seven others,
4E. Chetteus — or Heth,
4F. Jebuseus or Jebusite,
4G. Amorreus or Amorite,
4H. Gergesus or Girgasite,
4I. Eudeus or Hivite,
4J. Sineus — or Sinite,
4K. Samareus or Zemarite we have nothing in the sacred books but their names, for the Hebrews overthrew their cities, and their calamities came upon them on the occasion following.
Now, while Josephus was unfamiliar with the outcome of Heth (i.e. the Hittites), the following extract comes from www.wikinoah.org:
Heth (Hittites) and Sin (Sinites) are believed by many to be the progenitors of the families of China and Mongolia. "Hittite" in Cuneiform appears as Khittae, representing a once powerful nation from the Far East, preserved through the centuries in the more familiar Chinese term, Cathay. "Sin", a brother of Heth, has many occurrences in variant forms in the Far East. Many believe the reference to the Sinim in Isaiah 49:12 is a reference to China. Those who came from the Far East to trade with the Scythians were called Sinae (Sin). Ptolemy, a Greek astronomer, referred to China as the land of Sinim or Sin. Arabs called China Sin, Chin, Mahachin, or Machin. The Ch'in (from which the name "China" is taken) were spoken of as a people in the remotest parts of Asia. Their most important town was Xian (pronounced Shee-an), a great trading emporium in the province of Shensi. The Ch'in became independent in Western China, their princes reigning there for some 650 years before they finally gained dominion over the whole land. In 217 B.C., Prince Cheng unified China and took the title of Shih Hwang-ti (First Emperor). Shih Hwang-ti built much of the Great Wall of China, and a network of roads and canals that converged on his capital, near modern Xian, in Shensi province.
With respect to the Cathay people of historical reference, it would make sense to suppose that the remnants of the Hittites, after the destruction of their empire, travelled towards the east and settled among the Sinites who were relatives, contributing to their civilization, and thus becoming the ancestors of many Asian people groups in Asia and the Americas.
Click here for a recent article on ancient Chinese history by Hieromonk Damascene.
Shem, the third son of Noah, had five sons, who inhabited the land that began at Euphrates, and reached to the Indian Ocean.
1. For Elam left behind him the Elamites, the ancestors of the Persians (Iran).
2. Ashur lived at the city of Nineveh, and named his subjects Assyrians (north Iraq), who became the most fortunate nation beyond others.
3. Arphaxad named the Arphaxadites, who are now called Chaldeans (south Iraq).
4. as Laud or Lud founded the Laudites, which are now called Lydians (west Turkey).
5. Aram had the Aramites, which the Greeks called Syrians,
Of the four sons of Aram,
5A. Uz founded Trachonitis and Damascus, this country lies between Palestine and Coelosyria.
5B. Ul or Hul founded Armenia, and
5C. Gather or Gether the Bactrians (Pakistan/Afghanistan), and
5D. Mesa or Mash the Mesaneans, it is now called Characene (Kuwait).
3A. Sala or Salah was the son of Arphaxad,
3A1. and his son was Heber, from whom they originally called the Jews Hebrews.
3A1A. Heber's sons Joktan and Peleg: he was called Peleg, because he was born at the dispersion of the nations to their various countries, for Peleg among the Hebrews signifies Division.
Now Joktan, one of the sons of Heber, had these sons: Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. These inhabited from Cophen (now known as the Kabul River in Afghanistan) and in part of Asia adjoining to it. And this shall suffice concerning the sons of Shem.
Note, in Genesis 2:10-12 we are told that
"a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers. The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. And the gold of that land is good."
Josephus declared that this Pishon River that encompassed the land of Havilah was in fact the River Ganges click here for this reference.
Click here to see a map showing the town of Gangotri in India, the source of the River Ganges, and Mount Kailash in Tibet, the source of the Indus nearby. This land, later renamed as India from The Indus (literally, The River), was settled by these 13 sons of Joktan, as it says in Genesis 10:30 "The territory they occupied extended from Mesha (thought by many to be close to Mashhad in Iran, the start of the Silk Road) all the way to Sephar in the eastern mountains" (i.e. the Himalayas).
The land was famous for its gold: as well as the reference in Genesis 2 to Havilah, there are also numerous references to the gold of Ophir. Sadly however, used to build numerous idols for worship, as it says in
** End of Extract
Some recent emails on India and China and the layout of the world's nations today
Based on Statistics at www.worldometers.info
Click here for an estimate layout in 1800, just 1 billion
Contrast this too with the population in 1930, just over 2 billion, when only a handful of countries, eighteen to be exact, had a population of 20 million or more, based on statistics at www.populstat.info
Over 11 billion people have been born since 1900, a phenomenal increase on previous centuries.
4.4 billion (Average 35 per 1000 or 74 million each year)
3.1 billion (Average 25 per 1000 or 52 million each year)|
Nett growth 1.7 billion in 1900 to 3 billion in 1959
7.2 billion (Average 25 per 1000 or 125 million each year)
2.7 billion (Average 9.5 per 1000 or 47 million each year)|
Nett growth 3 billion to 7.5 billion in 2017
Averages per 1000 are based on a midpoint of 2.3 billion in 1900-1959 and 5 billion in 1959-2017.
In 2016, the average birth rate was 18.6 per 1000 (i.e. 138 million for the year) and the death rate was 7.8 per 1000 (i.e. 58 million).
Average Life Span (Life Expectancy at birth) as shown below is based on statistics at Nation Master in 2011. It showed a weighted average of three score and ten (or 69.82 years to be exact) for all the population.
Click here to view these statistics resorted by population size and displaying (at the end) this weighted average of 69.82 years.
Click here to view these same statistics in a spreadsheet .csv file.
|Countries||Census Data||Average Life Span|
|AFRICA 1.25 billion|
|1. Nigeria 195 million||48%||50%||48 years|
|2. Ethiopia (prior to about 1945, known to outsiders as Abyssinia) 105 million||65%||34%||56 years|
|3. Egypt 97 million||10%||90%||73 years|
|4. Democratic Republic of the Congo (Formerly Zaire / Belgian Congo) 85 million||80%||10%||55 years|
|5. Tanzania 58 million||35%||30%||53 years|
|6. South Africa 56 million||80%||2%||49 years|
|7. Kenya 49 million||85%||7%||59 years|
|8. Uganda 43 million||84%||12%||53 years|
|9. Sudan 43 million||1½%||97%||61 years|
|10. Algeria 42 million||2%||90%||75 years|
|11. Morocco 36 million||1%||99%||76 years|
|12. Mozambique 30 million||41%||23%||52 years|
|13. Ghana 30 million||69%||16%||61 years|
|14. Angola 27 million||90%||1%||39 years|
|15. Madagascar 26 million||41%||1%||64 years|
|16. Cameroon 25 million||40%||18%||54 years|
|17. Cote d'Ivoire 24 million||33%||37%||57 years|
|18. Niger 22 million||5%||95%||53 years|
|19. Burkina Faso 20 million||23%||59%||54 years|
|20. Malawi 19 million||80%||13%||52 years|
|21. Mali 19 million||5%||92%||53 years|
|22. Zambia 18 million||98%||½%||52 years|
|23. Zimbabwe 17 million||85%||1%||50 years|
|24. Senegal 16 million||7%||93%||60 years|
|25. Chad 15 million||34%||56%||48 years|
|26. Guinea 14 million||10%||84%||58 years|
|27. South Sudan 13 million||60%||6%||54 years|
|28. Rwanda 12 million||94%||2%||58 years|
|29. Tunisia 12 million||0.2%||99%||75 years|
|30. Somalia 12 million||0.01%||99%||50 years|
|31. Burundi 12 million||67%||2%||59 years|
|32. Benin 12 million||43%||24%||60 years|
|33. Togo 8 million||29%||12%||63 years|
|34. Sierra Leone 7 million||30%||60%||56 years|
|35. Libya 6 million||2%||97%||78 years|
|36. Eritrea 6 million||51%||37%||63 years|
|37. Central African Republic 5 million||50%||9%||50 years|
|38. Republic of the Congo 5 million||91%||55 years|
|39. Liberia 5 million||40%||12%||57 years|
|40. Mauritania 4 million||0.1%||99%||61 years|
|41. Lesotho 2 million||90%||52 years|
|42. Namibia 2 million||90%||½%||52 years|
|43. Botswana 2 million||72%||½%||58 years|
|44. Gambia 2 million||9%||91%||64 years|
|45. Guinea-Bissau 2 million||10%||42%||49 years|
|46. Gabon 1 million||72%||10%||52 years|
|47. Mauritius 1 million||32%||17%||Hinduism 48-50%||74 years|
|48. Swaziland 1 million||83%||0.2%||49 years|
|49. Reunion Island 880 thousand||80%||2%||Hinduism 10%||74 years|
|50. Comoros 700 thousand||2%||98%||64 years|
|51. Equatorial Guinea 600 thousand||99%||62 years|
|52. Djibouti 500 thousand||6%||94%||61 years|
|53. Cape Verde 400 thousand||95%||71 years|
|54. Western Sahara 400 thousand||0.04%||99½%||54 years|
|55. Mayotte 200 thousand||77 years|
|56. Sao Tome and Principe 200 thousand||63 years|
|57. Seychelles 80 thousand||95%||1%||74 years|
|58. Saint Helena 8 thousand||78 years|
|Countries||Census Data||Average Life Span|
|NORTH and CENTRAL AMERICA 585 million|
|1. U.S.A. 330 million||78%||1%||Judaism 1%|
|2. Mexico 130 million||95%||76 years|
|3. Canada 37 million||77%||2%||Buddhism 1%|
|4. Guatemala 17 million||98%||71 years|
|5. Cuba 11 million||85%||78 years|
|6. Dominican Republic 11 million||95%||77 years|
|7. Haiti 11 million||84%||62 years|
|8. Honduras 8 million||83%||71 years|
|9. El Salvador 6 million||82%||73 years|
|10. Nicaragua 6 million||90%||72 years|
|11. Costa Rica 5 million||84%||78 years|
|12. Puerto Rico 4 million||97%||79 years|
|13. Panama 4 million||92%||1%||78 years|
|14. Jamaica 3 million||65%||73 years|
|15. Trinidad and Tobago 1 million||58%||6%||Hinduism 22%||71 years|
|16. Guadeloupe 470 thousand||80%||78 years|
|17. Martinique 400 thousand||90%||Hinduism 5%||79 years|
|18. Bahamas 300 thousand||96%||71 years|
|19. Belize 300 thousand||77%||68 years|
|20. Barbados 280 thousand||95%||74 years|
|21. Curacao ("Kew-ra-sow") 160 thousand||76 years|
|22. Saint Lucia 160 thousand||77 years|
|23. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 120 thousand||74 years|
|24. Virgin Islands U.S. 110 thousand||79 years|
|25. Aruba 100 thousand||90%||76 years|
|26. Grenada 90 thousand||97%||73 years|
|27. Antigua and Barbuda 85 thousand||74%||75 years|
|28. Saint Martin 80 thousand||79 years|
|29. Dominica 70 thousand||89%||76 years|
|30. Bermuda 70 thousand||67%||81 years|
|31. Cayman Islands 50 thousand||74%||81 years|
|32. Saint Kitts and Nevis 40 thousand||75 years|
|33. Caribbean Netherlands (BES Islands) 25 thousand||76 years|
|34. Virgin Islands British 25 thousand||96%||78 years|
|35. Turks and Caicos Islands 20 thousand||79 years|
|36. Anguilla 15 thousand||90%||81 years|
|37. Saint Barthelemy 7 thousand|
|38. Saint Pierre and Miquelon 7 thousand||80 years|
|39. Montserrat 5 thousand||73 years|
|Countries||Census Data||Average Life Span|
|SOUTH AMERICA 425 million|
|1. Brazil 212 million||90%||73 years|
|2. Colombia 49 million||98%||75 years|
|3. Argentina 44 million||93%||2%||77 years|
|4. Peru 32 million||94%||72 years|
|5. Venezuela 30 million||98%||74 years|
|6. Chile 19 million||87%||78 years|
|7. Ecuador 17 million||99%||76 years|
|8. Bolivia 11 million||97%||68 years|
|9. Paraguay 7 million||97%||76 years|
|10. Uruguay 3 million||58%||76 years|
|11. Guyana 800 thousand||57%||7%||Hinduism 28-33%||67 years|
|12. Suriname 500 thousand||48%||16%||Hinduism 20-27%||74 years|
|13. French Guiana 280 thousand||84%||77 years|
|14. Falkland Islands (administered by UK) 3 thousand|
|Countries||Census Data||Average Life Span|
|ASIA and MIDDLE EAST 4.485 billion|
|1. China 1.390 billion||5%||2%||Buddhism 8%-80%||75 years|
|2. India 1.350 billion||2%||13%||Hinduism 80%||67 years|
|3. Indonesia 265 million||9%||86%||Hinduism 3%|
|4. Pakistan 200 million||2%||96%||66 years|
|5. Bangladesh 165 million||90%||Hinduism 10%||70 years|
|6. Japan 125 million||2%||Buddhism 45-71%||82 years|
|7. Philippines 105 million||91%||5%||Hinduism 2%|
|8. Vietnam 95 million||8%||Buddhism 16-85%||72 years|
|9. Iran (previously known as Persia) 82 million||½%||99%||70 years|
|10. Turkey 81 million||98%||73 years|
|11. Thailand 68 million||½%||4½%||Buddhism 95%||74 years|
|12. Myanmar (previously known as Burma) 55 million||4%||4%||Buddhism 90%||65 years|
|13. South Korea 51 million||29%||Buddhism 23%||79 years|
|14. Iraq 40 million||3%||97%||71 years|
|15. Afghanistan 35 million||0.02%||99.7%||Buddhism 0.2%||45 years|
|16. Saudi Arabia 33 million||5%||95%||74 years|
|17. Malaysia 32 million||9%||60%||Buddhism 22%|
|18. Uzbekistan 31 million||5%||95%||73 years|
|19. Nepal 30 million||1%||4%||Hinduism 81%|
|20. Yemen 29 million||99%||64 years|
|21. North Korea 25 million||2%||Buddhism 65%||69 years|
|22. Taiwan 23 million||Buddhism 35-93%||78 years|
|23. Sri Lanka 21 million||7%||8%||Buddhism 70%|
|24. Syria 19 million||10%||90%||75 years|
|25. Kazakhstan 18 million||45%||55%||69 years|
|26. Cambodia 16 million||2%||1½%||Buddhism 95%||63 years|
|27. Azerbaijan 10 million||5%||95%||67 years|
|28. Tajikistan 9 million||1%||84%||66 years|
|29. United Arab Emirates 9 million||9%||76%||Hinduism 10%|
|30. Israel 8 million||2%||16%||Judaism 76%||81 years|
|31. Jordan 8 million||6%||94%||80 years|
|32. Hong Kong 7 million||10%||Buddhism 10-90%||82 years|
|33. Laos 7 million||1%||Buddhism 67%||62 years|
|34. Kyrgyzstan 6 million||17%||83%||70 years|
|35. Turkmenistan 6 million||9%||91%||69 years|
|36. Lebanon 6 million||40%||59%||75 years|
|37. Singapore 5 million||15%||15%||Buddhism 42-61%|
|38. Oman 5 million||6%||86%||Hinduism 5%||74 years|
|39. Georgia 4 million||89%||10%||77 years|
|40. Kuwait 4 million||14%||70%||Hinduism 12%|
|41. Mongolia 3 million||2%||5%||Buddhism 50-93%||68 years|
|42. Armenia 3 million||99%||73 years|
|43. Qatar 3 million||14%||68%||Hinduism 14%|
|44. West Bank (technically in State of Palestine) 3 million||2%||82%||Judaism 15%||74 years|
|45. Gaza Strip (technically in State of Palestine) 2 million||99%||73 years|
|46. Timor-Leste 1 million||97%||3%||68 years|
|47. Bahrain 1 million||9%||81%||Hinduism 6%||78 years|
|48. Bhutan 700 thousand||1%||1%||Buddhism 66-75%|
|49. Macau 650 thousand||Buddhism 17-85%||84 years|
|50. Maldives 400 thousand||98%||Buddhism ½%||74 years|
|51. Brunei 400 thousand||11%||67%||Buddhism 9%||76 years|
|Countries||Census Data||Average Life Span|
|EUROPE and RUSSIA 740 million|
|1. Russia 143 million||70%||12%||Buddhism 1%||66 years|
|2. Germany 80 million||83%||4%||Buddhism 1%||80 years|
|3. United Kingdom 66 million||48%||5%||Hinduism 1%||80 years|
|4. France 65 million||84%||10%||Buddhism 1%||81 years|
|5. Italy 60 million||91%||82 years|
|6. Spain 46 million||77%||1%||81 years|
|7. Ukraine 44 million||92%||1%||69 years|
|8. Poland 39 million||96%||76 years|
|9. Romania 19 million||98%||74 years|
|10. Netherlands 17 million||43%||6%||80 years|
|11. Belgium 12 million||48%||3%||80 years|
|12. Greece 11 million||98%||2%||80 years|
|13. Czech Republic 11 million||29%||Buddhism ½%||77 years|
|14. Portugal 10 million||87%||79 years|
|15. Hungary 10 million||74%||75 years|
|16. Sweden 10 million||76%||2%||81 years|
|17. Belarus 9 million||80%||71 years|
|18. Austria 8 million||66%||4%||80 years|
|19. Switzerland 8 million||79%||4%||81 years|
|20. Serbia 7 million||91%||3%||75 years|
|21. Bulgaria 7 million||84%||12%||74 years|
|22. Denmark 6 million||82%||2%||79 years|
|23. Slovakia 5 million||71%||76 years|
|24. Finland 5 million||81%||79 years|
|25. Norway 5 million||86%||1%||Buddhism ½%||80 years|
|26. Ireland 5 million||92%||½%||80 years|
|27. Bosnia and Herzegovina 4 million||51%||40%||79 years|
|28. Croatia 4 million||93%||76 years|
|29. Moldova 4 million||98%||½%||71 years|
|30. Albania 3 million||35%||65%||77 years|
|31. Lithuania 3 million||85%||75 years|
|32. Latvia 2 million||57%||73 years|
|33. Macedonia 2 million||65%||33%||75 years|
|34. Slovenia 2 million||58%||2%||77 years|
|35. Kosovo (technically part of Serbia) 2 million||4%||95%||70 years|
|36. Estonia 1 million||28%||Buddhism ½%||73 years|
|37. Cyprus 800 thousand||77%||22%||Buddhism 1%||78 years|
|38. Montenegro 680 thousand||78%||18%||74 years|
|39. Luxembourg 500 thousand||87%||3%||80 years|
|40. Malta 400 thousand||98%||80 years|
|41. Iceland 300 thousand||89%||81 years|
|42. Jersey (part of Channel Islands) 90 thousand||81 years|
|43. Andorra 80 thousand||90%||82 years|
|44. Isle of Man 75 thousand||81 years|
|45. Guernsey (part of Channel Islands) 65 thousand||82 years|
|46. Greenland (technically part of Denmark since 1814, self-rule since 2009. Island mass is mostly inside the Arctic Circle) 60 thousand||97%||71 years|
|47. Faroe Islands 50 thousand||94%||80 years|
|48. Liechtenstein 35 thousand||88%||80 years|
|49. Monaco 35 thousand||88%||90 years|
|50. San Marino 30 thousand||97%||83 years|
|51. Gibraltar 30 thousand||79 years|
|52. Holy See (Rome) 1 thousand||100%|
|Countries||Census Data||Average Life Span|
|OCEANIA 40 million|
|1. Australia 25 million||64%||2%||Buddhism 2%||82 years|
|2. Papua New Guinea 8 million||96%||66 years|
|3. New Zealand 5 million||55%||1%||Buddhism 1%||81 years|
|4. Fiji 940 thousand||58%||6%||Hinduism 30-33%||71 years|
|5. Solomon Islands 580 thousand||74 years|
|6. French Polynesia (includes Tahiti) 280 thousand||Buddhism 7%||77 years|
|7. New Caledonia 225 thousand||3%||Buddhism 3%||77 years|
|8. Samoa 220 thousand||72 years|
|9. Vanuatu 215 thousand||65 years|
|10. Guam 175 thousand||78 years|
|11. Tonga 120 thousand||81%||75 years|
|12. Kiribati 110 thousand||64 years|
|13. Micronesia Federated States 110 thousand||95%||72 years|
|14. Northern Mariana Islands 90 thousand||77 years|
|15. American Samoa 65 thousand||98%||74 years|
|16. Marshall Islands 65 thousand||72 years|
|17. Palau 20 thousand||78%||72 years|
|18. Wallis and Futuna 15 thousand||79 years|
|19. Nauru 15 thousand||65 years|
|20. Cook Islands 10 thousand||75 years|
|21. Tuvalu 10 thousand||65 years|
|22. Niue (administered by New Zealand) 2 thousand|
|23. Tokelau (administered by New Zealand) 1 thousand|
Sharia (in the Arab world) is a word that is fairly close in meaning to Torah (in the Hebrew scriptures) from Yara — Pathway (to pasture) — normally translated as Law — that which points out the pathway to ongoing sustenance (from God).
See Paul's words in 1 Corinthians 9:19-23
For though I be free from all men, yet have I made myself servant to all, that I might gain the more. And to the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain the Jews, to them that are under the law, as under the law, that I might gain them that are under the law; to them that are without law, as without law - being not without law to God, but under the law to Christ (the Anointed one) that I might gain them that are without law. To the weak became I as weak, that I might gain the weak: I am made all things to all men, that I might by all means save some.
Note the words in the Koran, declaring that yes, Jesus was born of a virgin, Mary, but in the Koran it is blasphemy to declare him to be the Son of God, interceding and atoning for man's sins through his shed blood.
See the applicable extract below, from Maryam - Sura (chapter) 19: verses 29-40
So she pointed to him. They said, "How can we speak to one who is in the cradle a child?" [Jesus] said, "Indeed, I am the servant of Allah . He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet. And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakah (i.e. contribution-payment) as long as I remain alive. And [made me] dutiful to my mother, and He has not made me a wretched tyrant. And peace is on me the day I was born and the day I will die and the day I am raised alive." That is Jesus, the son of Mary - the word of truth about which they are in dispute. It is not [befitting] for Allah to take a son; exalted is He! When He decrees an affair, He only says to it, "Be," and it is. [Jesus said], "And indeed, Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. That is a straight path." Then the factions differed [concerning Jesus] from among them, so woe to those who disbelieved - from the scene of a tremendous Day. How [clearly] they will hear and see the Day they come to Us, but the wrongdoers today are in clear error. And warn them, [O Muhammad], of the Day of Regret, when the matter will be concluded; and [yet], they are in [a state of] heedlessness, and they do not believe. Indeed, it is We who will inherit the earth and whoever is on it, and to Us they will be returned. And mention in the Book [the story of] Abraham. Indeed, he was a man of truth …
Death for Blasphemy:
8. Saudi Arabia
Imprisonment for Blasphemy:
12. United Arab Emirates
1. Indonesia (Flogging, Caning; Sharia applied strictly in Aceh province)
2. Turkey (Restrictions on alcohol)
3. Brunei (Caning, Alcohol is illegal)
4. Jordan (2 years or less for honour killings)
5. Eritrea (Girls as young as 8 can be married, spousal rape is not recognized)
6. Syria (1 year or less for honour killings)
7. Djibouti (Sharia law regarding divorce)
8. Chechnya (Modest dress enforced, Alcohol and gambling suppressed by local authorities)
9. Niger (girls can be married off before they reach puberty)
10. Nigeria (Sharia is enforced in the northern states)
11. Kenya (Ad Hoc Sharia enforced in the east near the border with Somalia)
12. Gambia (Sharia courts decide all family matters, including for non-Muslims)
13. Qatar (public consumption is illegal during Ramadan, Alcohol heavily restricted, blood money acceptable punishment for murder, "kafala" law which is also shared by all Gulf states but Bahrain is technically slavery)
14. Uganda (Kadhi Courts overseeing family and civil matters)
Most "Western" nations also have parallel Sharia legal systems (for example in Canada polygamy is widely practiced and authorities look the other way, Imams refusing to condemn or work to stop it). Sharia finance is also practiced in many nations around the world. Many other Islamic nations that do not apply Sharia (such as Azerbaijan, Albania, Bosnia, Uzbekistan, and Tajikstan) have large portions of their population who do want it applied or who actively seek to abide by it extra-legally.
** End of article