|The letter J did not exist. Pronunciation of words can|
only be estimated.
|Words starting with the letter "I" gradually changed to "J" - pronounced ZZhee||The letter "J" does not exist, "G" followed by "I" or "E" gives a soft "G" - pronounced Jee||Words starting with the letter "I" gradually changed to "J" - pronounced Hota with the "H" more rasping - deeper in the throat||Words starting with the letter "I" gradually changed to "J" - pronounced ZZhota||Words starting with the letter "I" gradually changed to "J" - pronounced Jay|
|I-V-S and ||JUSTICE||GIUSTIZIA||JUSTICIA||JUSTIÇA||JUSTICE|
With the Greek words
Zeu Pater - Zeus, Father
|GEOVA, PADRE with the planet named Giove||JEHOVÁ, PADRE||JEOVÁ, PADRE||JEHOVAH, FATHER GOD|
With the Greek word
also written as HIEROSOLVMA "Holy Salem"
**with the Greek word
Also with Greek word
Now, because of how the starting sounds for Judge, Justice, Joshua, Jesus and Julius are pronounced today in these western languages, many have thought that "I" written in its place in Ancient Greek or Latin — as in
The "Y" sound of course is the way most of the other, non-Romance European languages pronounce words that start with the letter "J", e.g. Germany where the letter "J" is pronounced "Yot", and Jesus is pronounced "Easus".
If so, the "J" or "Zzh" sound may well have been developed by the Romans from the sound of the old Hebrew / Phoenician character (known as Zayin) the 7th letter in the alphabet which the Greeks had changed to the letter "Z". Also used from ancient times in numerical systems for the number 1. Around 300 BC, the Roman censor Appius Claudius removed this letter as the 7th letter. Many Jews were imposing a death sentence on any speaking God's personal name outside the temple (i.e. blasphemously). Awkward if you were trying to keep the peace. Rome then created the letter "G" (pronounced as "Jee") in its Roman alphabet shortly after.
Now besides VPPITER and Zeu Pater, another example of a "Z" word in the Greek language gradually getting a
With regard to those four Hebrew letters for Jehovah "yod, he, vav, he" spoken to Moses in Exodus 6:3 and used extensively throughout the Old Testament, the Greek Septuagint used a completely different word. Those four letters were translated, and vocalized as "Kurios", the Greek word for "Lord", following a Jewish tradition of substituting its Hebrew equivalent "Adonai" (my highly-valued master, protector, provider
Jesus's name, spelt in Greek as
Interestingly, the change of the sixth double-stroke Hebrew letter "vav" (or "waw") from its harder "F" / "V"-like sound/shape and a second, softer "Y" / "W"-like sound/shape, to becoming two extra letters "Y" and "V", occurred in Greece, then spread worldwide. They used that double-stroke "F" letter early in the Greek alphabet, calling it a "Digamma" ("Double three"). They then stopped using it as a letter and introduced the two shapes "Y" and "V" as an upper case/lower case "oo" sound, later using it for extra "uh" and "ee" vowel sounds, also as a "w" consonant sound.
Instead of a dentilabial "F"-sound, they introduced a bilabial "Ph"-sound (where the teeth don't show), Φ, calling it a "Phi" (pronounced as "phee").
In Latin and other later alphabets they retained the "F" letter and its "F" sound, added a "V" letter, pronouncing it as "oo" and later in Italy, a "voo", in some places a "vee", and in German a "fow". Latin discouraged use of that upper case letter "Y", it became a foreign letter — the Greek "ee". In English it was then pronounced "wee", becoming "why".
Later the two letters "U" and "W" — in English "W" was called a "double you", in Italian a "doppio vee", and in German a "vay" — those two letters were added as more letters to try to clarify the whole situation
Sent: Wednesday, March 27, 2013 2:10 PM
Subject: Chatting about X and also the shape of the cross
The letter "x" started life as the letter "k" in Greek and Latin, transitioning into the sound "ks".
But in Greek, the letter highlights the word "Xristos", the anointed one, that word used by Peter in Hebrew, "Ha-Mashiach", The Messiah.
Chatting briefly about the shape of the cross that killed Jesus, apparently it was the Jehovah Witnesses and a hyperdispensationalist chap called E. W. Bullinger who gained a lot of notoriety in 1877 (and also since) by insisting that it was on a crux simplex (a single stake) that the Lord was crucified, and that it had been Constantine who confused the issue by saying it was a “t” shape i.e. what was called a crux immissa.
Interesting theory, except there’s been a lot of literature discovered, written long before Constantine was born, indicating it was on a “t” shape, a tau, pronounced "t" (in Hebrew the Mark of life see
And from a "strength transferral" point of view, what was death to the Lord, was the means of life to all of us who receive him
So while the Greek New Testament word was a stauros, a stake, or a pole, and used from ancient times for execution, the Romans were most cruel in their massive use of their own word crux in many shapes to deter rebellion, to give criminals torture and death through strangulation, inventing this Latin word that is used worldwide to mean a “Cross”, an “X”, a crossing point, a crux, a crunch point, becoming cross, becoming heated up, the great unknown.
Pictures of our inability, and God’s ability, Hallelujah .
Article extract from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crucifixion#Cross_shape
For those interested, here’s another link to some of that early literature.
Blessings all Steve
Stephen Williamson Computing Services Pty Ltd
**End of Article.