The Bible Timeline - the visual layout - from God's foundation of the human aion(s) - cosmos - which he "so loved"
the creating of Adam, having an internal spirit for God-hosting "services" via a visible command-line "shell" (cosmos) and "age" (aion) — our world
A man's heart plans his walk, but the Lord fixes his step. Proverbs 16:9
Recorded History: People's Heart Choices / Plans combined with God's Eternal Foreknowledge / Hidden Design
Man, made in God's image, is certainly no robot.
I am the master of my fate (fame): I am the captain of my soul - Invictus
In your patience, you purchase your souls -
But God enforces limitations (many times hidden and without immediate explanation) when it comes to the outworking of our choices.
Psalm 115:16 "the heavens, the heaven of heavens (including the universe’s 93 billion light years or whatever) belong to Jehovah (the Lord), but the Earth has he given to the children of Adam".
Click here for a picture of that mysterious time prior to the bronze age, those six days prior to the first Adam, a period when God planned the plants and vegetables before they were in the field, before there was an "Adam" able to serve or till the "ground" (in Hebrew "adamah", a feminine word), before there had even been "rainfall", but instead "a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground"
Click here re semen and sperm, atoms and molecules, the "building blocks" of life.
In Genesis 2:20 we are told our first ancestor, this living breathing creature (or soul), was able to speak out consistent, individual names / titles over every living breathing creature. That included himself, whom he referred to as "man" (in Hebrew "iysh") having name-calling "dominance" with his "XY" chromosome pair after a "woman" (in Hebrew "ishshah") having an "XX" chromosome pair was cloned by God. In traditional, ancient teaching this "woman" was homemaker, managing the family firm, i.e. the farm. The "man" was income-generator and protector, warding off enemies, and welcoming friends, and friendly strangers.
The placement of Adam was into a garden towards the east of Eden. It was watered throughout, with the flow forming four heads outside the garden. According to the scriptures (and Josephus), in Moses's day the first head was called the Pison, i.e. the Indus and Ganges River that then flowed east around Havilah (India), the second the Gihon i.e. the Nile flowing west around Ethiopia, the third the Hiddekel i.e. the Tigris flowing north-east of Assyria, and the last one the Euphrates flowing north-west. It indicated in Genesis that the garden had become submerged after the flood somewhere inside the Persian Gulf.
Adam, in early Jewish teaching, also had the capacity for symbols that enabled him to write down and to read back these newly formed names and numbers. As far as records went, click here to see the earliest found samples of this cuneiform (kyoo-nee-aform) writing in the Middle East, back in 3400 BC.
Note 1. Click here for reconciliation of differences with Hebrew calendar that commences 3761 BC. Their word for "years"- "shanah" meaning cycles or "anniversaries" of Adam, aligns with Rosh Hashanah (Sep/Oct) in 4018 BC — at the end of Year 1. Click here for a recent picture on Rosh Hashanah in 2008, at the start of the 6,027th year.
Note 2. Click here for a contemporary Assyrian timeline put together by the Assyrian Church of the East, starting with Sargon I (Nimrod) in 2254 BC following the flood.
Note 3. Click here for the Greek Septuagint, a translation sponsored by the Pharaoh in Egypt about 250BC, that dated Adam back to nearly 5500BC by inserting an extra 100 years (or so) before many patriarchs. Ouch. It added 586 extra years between Adam and Noah in Genesis 5, then 880 years between Shem and Abraham in Genesis 11. It aligned with Egyptian historian Manetho's account of early dynasties and first pyramids built in 3000BC as incorrectly following the flood, not before.
This discrepancy has since been repaired in the modern Greek (and Russian) translations.
|Eden. First year of Adam — First man. Father of all families. Able to name the animals. Lives 930 years. Sadly, heeds Eve in her deception, gaining knowledge of both good (the "ideal") and also evil (its "pain and stress").
With Adam's accompanying confusion (hiding) and fear, he and Eve are placed out the "Front Door" i.e. eastwards, with an angel guarding the garden entrance and a "flaming sword" preventing access to the tree of life. The soil outside is infertile, requiring sweat and toil, "cursed" on his account, with ongoing sorrow and death.
After Cain and Abel are born, and Abel is killed by Cain's envy, Adam has another son named Seth. According to Jewish tradition, it is Seth who writes down the account of his parents' life. Then in
|Seth 3888 — Enos 3783 — Cainan 3693 — Mahalaleel 3623 — Jared 3558|
|Enoch 3396 — Methuselah who lives 969 years 3331 — Lamech 3144|
|2962 BC||Noah born. Lives for 950 years. But mankind's wicked choices sadden God. In 2482 gives |
|2462 BC||Japheth 2462, Ham 2461, Shem 2460 — Noah's 3 sons born. Shem lives 600 years. Rest of mankind is now ruined from part angel, part human, giants |
See angels / sons of God reference in
Historically, archaeological records in Egypt reveal it was a time when "god-like" rulers had huge pyramids and temples built to their memory e.g. the Temple of Giza and the Sphinx, a period we now refer to as the "3rd, 4th and 5th" dynasties in the "Old Kingdom" of Egypt. And in the scriptures it says the earth was filled with violence.
|2362 BC||The Ark is finished, then the Flood in April-May 2362 BC, Noah's 600th year, then Rest. All other mankind and animal life is destroyed except for the 8 people and those animals, all as separate species — of "clean" seven pairs, of "unclean" one pair i.e. male and female — that were kept alive (perhaps in cages) on the ark. See |
After the ark settled on the mountain, Noah built an altar and offered a sacrifice of every "clean" animal and bird, a foreshadowing of Christ. And in response to the "soothing, sweet aroma", God's famous declaration in Gen 8:22: "while the days of earth remain, sowing and reaping, chilliness and heat, summer (high, dry times of harvesting) and winter (low, wet times of disgrace & dishonour), day and night (light and dark), they shall not stop (take a break)".
|Circa 2250 BC||In chapter 9 we read of Noah in a brief, self-dishonouring moment, then of his son Ham proclaiming it to his brothers, then about bondservants (and later, handmaids), people who are bound in service (by circumstances) for their basic protection, food and shelter.
Noah works on a vineyard. Ham sees his father drunk and exposed in his tent — but instead of protecting him he announces the fact to his 2 brothers. Honorably they cover their Dad without looking at him. Noah now blesses the God of Shem, says Japheth would be enlarged — living in the tents — covering of Shem. Sadly, Noah curses Canaan (Ham's youngest son) to a life of work but no freedom — serving his brothers.
Traditionally in Noah’s prophecy, we see
But no mention in Noah's prophecy of Ham’s other three sons, Mizraim Put and Cush.
|Reaches Canaan, receives promise that this would be the land, and then famine prompts him to go down temporarily to Egypt. There would now follow 430 years, then the promise would be followed by the Law, when sojourning in Egypt would end. See |
|1911 BC||At 99 years of age, renamed Abraham — Father of a multitude. Next year, Isaac born. Lives 180 years. |
|1905 BC||Isaac weaned. Click here for further details of this period|
Ishmael's mocking / contempt (Ishmael-son of Sarah's Egyptian handmaid Hagar) commences a period Abraham had foreseen in horror. His descendants "of promise via the Spirit" would be foreigners; they would be persecuted by and working for those who were "according to the flesh" for 400 years. See
|1850 BC||Birth of Jacob. Name changed to||Israel|
| Levi ||Judah|
|Joseph 2 sons||Benjamin|
|Jacob (Israel) takes his descendants, 66 in total, to Egypt where Joseph is in charge — under Pharaoh.|
|Click here for a list of those initial family numbers, and their major multiplication in scripture records, possibly a factor of 10 every fifty years.|
By 1680 they may well have become 600 men the 1st generation, by 1630 after Joseph has died, 6000 men the 2nd generation. In 1585 when Moses was born, the number may well have proliferated to 60,000 the 3rd generation. About this time, a pharaoh came on the throne in the south who declared war on the Hyksos, enemies from Canaan in the north, (according to Josephus, the "shepherd kings" which included the Hebrews).
In Wikipedia, his name is recorded as Seqenenre Tao. His daughter who adopted and protected Moses was named "Thermuthis" according to Josephus and there is a record in that Wikipedia article of a princess "Tumerisy".
|1505 BC||Exodus. The Law — 430 years after promise to Abraham. Moses (a Levite), 80 years old, leads the Israelites, 600,000 men the 4th generation, out of Egypt. Click here for the Egyptian Pharaoh at that time, thought to be Thutmose II, minimal recorded history, and is himself succeeded by his wife. But Israel having minimal faith, they now wander in the wilderness 40 years. |
|God wants Israel to be his special prophetic nation, but with many, their fear of losing battles and being killed just ends up controlling them.|
|1465 BC||1st year in the land with Joshua (from Ephraim) leading a new generation into Canaan.|
450 years with prophetic judge/administrators until Samuel whom they beseech for a king (
|God wanted Israel to rule Canaan ruined by a new breed of giants and wilful people groups, but after Joshua, many become a community with, and are then enslaved by them.|
|Times of failure — intermarrying with peoples there — leads to idolatry / demon worship. God handed them over to servitude 6 times — 94 years in total. Click here for details. Story of the deliverers — Deborah, Gideon, Samson, others.|
|1015 BC||Samuel becomes judge/administrator. Covers 40 years (see |
|1005 BC||Birth of David (see |
|975 BC||491st year (10th Jubilee click here re 70th Jubilee Year) — Reign of King David (from Judah) — 40 years (see |
|935 BC||1st year of reign of King Solomon (David's son) — Reigns 40 years (see |
|931 BC||Starts building the temple in April-May 931 BC, Solomon's 4th year of reign. It is the 480th year of being out of Egypt excluding the 94 years above |
|And Solomon's 700 wives turn his heart away from the Lord — to idolatry.
|895 BC||After his reign Israel splits into two as the tribes rebel against the new king (from Judah) with his heavy tax burden. 390 years of hardship — bound by sin — then Jerusalem falls.|
Click here for details of these 390 years.
|Judah (including Benjamin) becomes the kingdom in the south, and the rest of Israel (at times called Ephraim) form a kingdom in the north.|
This is the period when prophets Elijah and Elisha do many miracles, and with other prophets, bring God's words, endeavouring to get peoples' attention. Some respond.
|639 BC||The Assyrian king wipes out the northern kingdom (after 838 BC known as Samaria). Takes them into Assyria, replacing them with people from other nations. |
|523 BC||Nebuchadnezzar arrives in Jerusalem in 524BC, his 1st year. Young Jewish nobles exiled to Babylon in 523BC. 70 years Judah laid waste. In 2nd year Daniel's prophecies start. |
|James Ussher's chronology — Click here for details — was used in many KJV Bibles. It followed Ptolemy's secular Canon of Kings (160 AD) — a list which excluded Darius the Mede — and places Nebuchadnezzar's 1st year in 604 BC, 80 years prior. However, the later year reconciles the timeline with|
1. Daniel's 69 sevens prophecy coming to pass below, followed by a second destruction of Jerusalem.
Click here for a reconciliation
505 BC||Egypt. Jerusalem temple destroyed July-August 506 BC in King Neb's 19th year || 465 BC||Babylon's reign ends. Darius the Mede takes the throne. Daniel exalted to chief president. Vision. Dan 9:1
|| 453 BC||Click here for more details of Jewish and world history over the next 390 years:- 453BC - 63BC and the arrival of the Romans. But first, Babylon's last king (Nabonidus) fallen in battle to Cyrus. So, 70 years exile ends. Start of 70 sevens. Zerubbabel with Joshua the High Priest leads a group of Jews back to Israel by Cyrus's decree in his || 435 BC|| Restarts Jan-Feb 435 BC in Darius's second year, see Zechariah 1:7. It is now 70 years after its destruction (see verse 12 of the same chapter). Finished 431 BC in Darius's sixth year in time for the passover.
|| 417 BC||Ezra the priest returns in the 7th year of Artaxerxes, thirteen years prior to his 20th year when Nehemiah is due to return.
|| 404 BC||It is now 49 years following 453 BC (7 sevens), the 20th year of Artaxerxes. Nehemiah quietly returns and rebuilds the walls over a || 2 BC|
|400 silent years pass — Esther to Zacharias — who himself was made silent following his hardness in accepting the angel of God's word about Elizabeth's upcoming pregnancy in September-October 3 BC — with John the Baptist |
THE KING AND THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
| 31 AD||It is now 434 years (62 sevens) from Nehemiah till the coming of Christ. Jesus, now 31, enters Jerusalem and is crucified / "cut off" the day before the Sabbath. God raises him back to life on the Sunday (March 25th that year). The widespread covering & empowering of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost (50 days later).
Click here for the timeline of the apostle Paul and his divine encounters in the early church.
| 70 AD||And within 40 years, the city and temple destroyed again in mid 70 AD. It is 1000 years since Solomon started the 1st temple, 500 years from the finish of the 2nd. |
Nevi'im — 12 Major Prophets Shine Forth before the occurrence
Twelve Minor Prophets (viewed by Josephus as one book)
Kethuvim — The Writings Songs to God and precepts for life
|About 532 BC, Assyrian empire falls to Nabopolassar in Babylon. In 523 BC his son, Nebuchadnezzar, captures Daniel — he becomes a royal servant — and then a leader (under God). Reigns about 67 years.|
|In 465 BC, Darius the Mede takes the throne in Babylon after writing on the wall "Counted — Weighed — Divided". Daniel made emir / president. Click here for further details. Empire divides in two. Reigns 134 years.|
|In 331 BC Alexander defeats Persian king at Gaugamela. Empire almost immediately divides in four (see |
|In 63 BC, as Rome expands, |
Empires — Defined by their Monetary Systems or so-called wealth.
Money comes from the Latin word moneta—"mint", linked to the temple of
Zechariah 5 pictures the curse coming on the houses of anyone who steals (gets by deception) or anyone who swears (i.e. invokes a future certainty — Godlike — rather than using a simple yes,yes no,no — see James 4:13). Then we see an ephah — a 20 litre trading basket. It is filled with "Unrighteousness", a word personified as a woman. Referred to by Jesus as "Mamona" — Mammon, the "Great Mamma" — contrasted with the Temple to honour the Father rebuilt back in Zechariah 4. Carrying her talent of lead, a soft metal that quickly corrodes or decays, like our earthly treasures and earthly bodies, and used along with iron and copper to
Now in Revelation 17:18, Babylon is revealed as Roma, the city of Rome who along with Juno is worshipped as a reigning queen, mother of harlots and idols (see also Libertas, Britannia), having many successive kings as her lovers, with their images being imprinted in metal coins. The passion of having this woman is like wine, seducing all the inhabitants of the world. Deception and lies.
Augustus, first emperor, saw himself as the descendant of Romulus, founder of Rome. By tradition, Romulus was said to be a descendant (via his mother) of the Trojan warrior, Aeneas. Romulus's father was said to be Mars, worshipped by the Romans as their god of war, with Romulus then having been nurtured in his childhood by a she-wolf, a wild beast. No wonder the Jews and many early Christians wanted nothing to do with them, or their beliefs.
"The seven heads on which the woman sits are seven mountains" — Rome famously sits on seven hills — "and seven kings/emperors".
First emperor, as mentioned, was Augustus 27 BC — 14 AD, 2. Tiberius 14 — 37 AD, 3. Caligula 37 — 41 AD, 4. Claudius 41 — 54 AD.
5. Nero 54 — 68 AD Last emperor of Julio-Claudian dynasty. Killed his mother and his first two wives. Held responsible for setting Rome on fire in 64 AD which he blamed on Christians, Peter as well as Paul being executed during his reign. Ordered that the Jews be crushed when they rebelled in 66 AD. Then, as other provinces rebelled, with the aid of a secretary, committed suicide by driving a dagger into his throat in 68 AD. He was just 30 years old.
6. Vespasian 69 — 79 AD First emperor of the Flavian dynasty, had invaded Judaea in 67 AD and brought Galilee under control.
7. Titus 79 — 81 AD His son, who set Jerusalem on fire in 70 AD, reigned now for 2 years, then caught an infection and died.
But before all this, click here for an excellent large map (5mb) of the Roman Empire around 400 A.D. With the advent of the emperor Diocletian, then Constantine, then Christianity becoming the approved religion of Rome, click here for details, the political and economic power of the empire shifted eastwards to Byzantium, (a city renamed as Constantinople and, since 1930, Istanbul).
474 AD The Roman Empire splits with Julius Nepos, a man appointed in 474 AD to be emperor of the west by the eastern emperor, but rejected and deposed by the Roman Senate in Ravenna. Similarly the outward kingdom of heaven splits into east and west, click here for details, as it fills with hypocrisy (yeast) rather than with care.
Click here for a brief history timeline (with hyperlinks) of the past 1400 years.
Today, due to historic, political and economic reasons, there are five significant nations in the west :- America, Britain,
While through the power of the Holy Spirit in faithful believers, Christ the true king who sticks closer than a brother
Click here for a brief history of Jerusalem since 63 BC.
Click here for how our universal calendar (months,seasons,years) became BC and AD.
Click here for further thoughts on current events.
End of Article Note: Old Testament scriptures based on the Masoretic Text, compiled from ancient sources in the Assyrian script. Click here for further info.