Greek Cosmos Notes

Word for Goddess - Thea (in Greek)

Elohe (in Biblical Hebrew - a masculine noun) and Ella (in Modern Hebrew)

Words for Greece - Hellas and Ellada are two names for Greece, Ellada is modern, Hellas is ancient (and also a formal title in modern Greek).

Notes on the Cosmos

Etymology on world and the age of man

Wikipedia and the Ages of Man

In Scripture Creation came out of "nothing", built by Father God

In Hesiod (750-650BC) Cosmos came out of Chaos.

First there was Chaos

then Gaia (Earth) appeared and Tartarus (Underworld) and then Eros (Base Desire) the driving force of the Cosmos (Order). In early accounts he is a primordial god, but in later accounts he is the son of Aphrodite (Venus) and Ares (the son of Zeus and Hera).

The offspring of Chaos were Erebus (Darkness) and Nyx (Night). Nyx gave birth to Aether (the bright upper air), and to Hemera (the Day). Nyx later on gave birth to the dark and dreadful aspects of the universe (e.g., Dreams, Death, War, and Famine).

Gaia gave birth to her son Ouranos (Heaven), Ourea (Mountains), Pontus (Sea). From Gaia and Ouranos came
Six male Titans:  Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus (Japheth), and Chronos (the youngest)
Six female Titans: Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne (mother of Muses), Phoebe, and Tethys.

From Chronos and Rhea came the first six gods of Mount Olympus
Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hestia, Demeter and Hera. Later came Athena, Apollo who destroyed the monstrous serpent Python, Artemis, Ares, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Hermes, and in some lists Dionysus replacing Hestia. They were called Olympians because, according to tradition, they resided on Mount Olympus.

Although Hades was a major ancient Greek god and was the brother of the first generation of Olympians (Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia), his realm was the underworld, far from Olympus, and thus was not usually considered to be one of the Olympians.

From Iapetus (Japheth) came Prometheus (the builder of mankind), Epimetheus (animals) and Atlas.

Unlike his brothers Prometheus and Epimetheus, Atlas sided with the other Titans supporting Chronos in the war that developed with Chronos's son Zeus. Due to Chronos's advanced age Atlas led the Titans in battle. As a result he was singled out by Zeus for a special punishment, and made to hold up the "sky" on his back.

When Zeus was atop Mount Olympus he was appalled by human sacrifice and other signs of human decadence. He decided to wipe out mankind and flooded the world with the help of his brother Poseidon. After the flood, only Deucalion (son of Prometheus) and Pyrrha (daughter of Epimetheus and Pandora) remained, and Deucalion gave birth to Hellen about 1500BC and his sister Pandora II who later gave birth to Graecus (via Zeus) and Latinus.

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