It wasn't until 1949 that the concept of becoming an "Australian citizen" became a reality. After January 26, 1788, children born to troops, convicts and settlers in Australia were "British subjects". Passports would be issued by their respective colonial capital (i.e. Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, etc) and were in fact necessary for when travelling between the colonies. After 1901 and Federation (click here for further details) this colonial distinction disappeared and a British passport was now issued from Canberra, with Australian embassies opening in London and New York in August/September 1918. Then on January 26 1949 came Australian citizenship (and Australian passports) following an act of Parliament. All British subjects (or people naturalised as British subjects) automatically became Australian citizens provided they had been living in Australia for five years prior to that date. Click here for more details.
Now, Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders were of course automatically included in this definition of Australian citizenship. Prior to 1949 Aboriginals had been seen as British subjects under the constitution as well as being indigenous Australians. But voting rights had varied between states and prior to a 1967 referendum, Aboriginals had not been included in the normal census.
Click here for a great interview with Bess Price, an outspoken speaker in the Northern Territory following the
They are in fact quite a religious and spiritual people. Click here for a brief outline of their deities which fall into three main categories: creation beings, ancestral beings and totemic beings/ancestors
while also comparing Paul's letters in the New Testament:
1 Corinthians 8:5 For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth (there be gods many and lords many) however to us there is but one God the Father, out of (ex) whom are all things and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through (dia) whom are all things, and we through him.
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