showing the origins of Biblical (and other) words in Hebrew (OT) and Greek (NT) and the way the meanings have changed through time
Regarding the etymology of the word etymology it is made up of two words "Etymon" — Origin / True Sense / Essence and "Logoi" — Words. The modern Greek word is "Eteos" — True, Real, or Genuine. In the Greek New Testament neither Eteos nor Etymon can be found, but two closely related Greek words are Etos — Years / Cycles (since the Origin of Adam) from which we get the modern word veteran and Eimi — translated as "I am" or "Essence of Being".
This word "Etymology" was Latinized by Cicero as Veriloquium — a true speech (translation). Brings to mind Pilate's words "What is truth i.e. not hidden?"
Jesus’s reply is of course not recorded and Pilate having had the last word, walks out. And he answers his own question in his next word to the Jewish leaders “I find in him no fault at all” and after Jesus has been scourged "Behold the man".
John 1:14 And the word “logos” became flesh (weak, exposed, and subject to the ravages of the years “etos”) and dwelt, encamped among us (where men and women could see him as he is “eimi”). And we have beheld his glory, his splendour, the splendour of the only-born of the Father, full of grace (favour) and truth (unhidden).
True, like a Tree, a vine tree, through many years, He is the vine, we are his branches. His words bring total protection, as long as we stay joined. The enemy’s fibs frequently involve shortcuts, bypass the time that God says is necessary for genuine fruit.
A close derivative of truth-speaker is "sooth-sayer" from "soo" — related to the Latin / Italian verb "sono" — the old English word "sinner" → In truth I am (guilty), In truth I am (judged) — I come up short, in debt. To miss the goal and prize in Greek, also in Hebrew. To stumble - peccare in Latin, French, Italian.
Similar and related English / Germanic words to guilt, under obligation that evolved around 1200-1400 were "yield" — Make payment or service, "gild / gilt" — Provide yellow, golden covering, "guild" — Become the governing body in a town, having different members but having the same trade / tread in life (and death).
1 Cor13 Chatting about Love
Aleph Bet — Ancient Hebrew with a modern day pronunciation guide.
Alphabets — Ancient Hebrew and the various scripts that developed from it: Greek and Latin and Cyrillic, Devanagari, and Arabic. Over in the far east Chinese Japanese and Korean on the other hand developed from an early, syllabic, cuneiform script.
Amazed — Being Beside Yourself (or nuts)
Amber — Fossilized tree resin, the appearance of the Lord, and "absolutely electric"
Angels (and kings)
Aramaic — from Aram, son of Shem, and its relationship to Hebrew and Arabic
Ark of the Covenant — its last physical placement. In
Armenia — also from Aram, son of Shem
Baptism — Dipped in water
Basis — Authoritative place — Bema
Bible Timeline — reconciled with Jewish Calendar and James Ussher
Biblical Criticism — Jewish Rabbi on Moses contrasted with Baruch Spinoza Dutch philosopher 1632-1677 and Julius Wellhausen German theologian 1844-1918
Bios — and prayer and Jacob wrestling with "the man"
Blessing and Cursing — first mention in scripture
|(a) Parchment and Papyrus (Pre flood)|
(b) Wax Tablets using stone and boxwood (Moses and the Prophets)
(c) Codex Bound Pages in a single unit by the time of Julius Caesar and the New Testament
Bind them (strips of parchment) to your fingers and write them on the (soft) tablets of your heart
Book of Jude — some thoughts
Book of Judges and Samuel — Saul and David. Includes a list of judges, a link to a list of high priests, and a reconciliation beween Paul's "450 years of judges" in the Book of Acts, and the Old Testament's "480th year" from the Exodus to Solomon "beginning to build the Lord's house"
Buddha, Confucius, Seth and Larry — words/last words
Caesar Augustus decree made about 1 BC for the Jewish customs, their holy days, and their "highest god"
Cain and Abel, Enoch and Enosh, Iysh and Ishshah, Adam and Adamah
Canada and US — some history
Catholic from two Greek words "Kata" (about) and "Holos" (the whole thing) i.e. universal teachings
Chapel and Chaplain from the French word for "cape" — story of Martin of Tours, a Roman soldier who cut his cape in two to give to a shivering person and heard the Lord "you have clothed me"
Chosen (Forever Young)
Christopher Columbus — Travelling west to "India" in 1492. Long before Copernicus (1473-1543) and Galileo (1564-1642) it was known to many scholars that the earth was a sphere, see
Chuck Missler (Chuck Smith, Maranatha Music)
Church, God and Jesus's name in numerous languages.
Cities of Refuge — Asylum — Sanctuary
Classes (in Rome and in France) and Political Parties (in UK, US, and Australia)
Consecrated Life — prayer time with Tony McLennan from Bible League Australia
Creeds up to the Apostles Creed
Cromwell and Princess Henrietta Maria and Adolf Hitler
Crucifixion — Timeline of the Last Supper, Jesus's Arrest and the Crucifixion
Day — Yowm
Diocese from "dia-oikos" — a managed region
Dispensation — Resources meeting Needs. Basic Economics. Stewardship
Drinking and Watering cf Blood cf Holy Anointing Oil
Early Marriages in scripture, from Adam and Eve to Abraham and Sarah
Early Numerals and Measurements
East West North and South
Ecclesia — Citizens Assemblies and Early Church — Kyrie and Lord's House — and Peter
Epic of Gilgamesh — First full account discovered in 1853 in Nineveh. It was written in Akkadian script on numerous clay tablets, inside the Royal Library of Ashurbanipal, the last great king of Assyria circa 600BC. Click here for their timeline. The Nineveh record was compiled between 1300BC and 1000BC, apparently from a record in Ur, circa 2020BC. Ur, Abraham's birthplace, is also famous for the Code of Ur-Nammu click here, the oldest known law code surviving today. Gilgamesh himself was said to be a king of Erech who visited Utnapishtim (Noah) who told him about the great flood. The king's plan had been to discover the secret of eternal life, rumoured to have been granted to Noah given his great age at the visit
Epipipto — Holy Spirit Embrace
Eternity and Thoughts on 1 John 5
Eucharist from "eucharistia" — to give thanks (in response to being "well-favoured")
Evil — Two words for "evil" in New Testament "Kakos"-kakky injury and "Poneros"-painful punishment
Feasts — Feast (literally Appointed Time) of Trumpets
Fellowship — Good old 1 Corinthians
Fire — Purity — Salted with fire — Esh (Hebrew) and Pur (Greek)
Foreknowledge vs Fortune Telling
Four Horsemen, Simon the Pharisee, Judas, and Paul's attitude to taking up a collection
Four Living Creatures, four main tribes (around the tabernacle), and the four points on the Hebrew compass: east (towards the sunrise), south (strong hand on the right), north (hidden covering on the left), and west (the roar, the Mediterranean Sea behind)
Garden Tomb, Calvary, Maps of the old city and Modern Jerusalem
Genesis 2 and 3 — Nakedness, Smoothness, and Shame
Gentile — A member of a nation-family, in the Latin "gentilis", in the Greek "ethnikos", in the Hebrew "goy". Each society taught that members of its own nation (or family) were normal civilised people, "gentle", "gentlemanly", but members of nations (in general) were outsiders, foreigners, with languages that were "barbaric".
Seen in Genesis 12:2 when God tells Abraham he would make of him a great nation or "goy" גּוֹי . Then, in Acts when Paul explained how God had told him to Go, for I will send you far away from here to the "goyim" גּוֹיִים , his inferred rejection of Israel and acceptance of "barbarians" brought a wild reaction from the listeners. Acts 22:21.
Giants — a scholarly treatise on the Nephilim, the Rephaim and the Anakim in the Hebrew Old Testament, the Greek Septuagint, and Josephus's writings in 100AD
Glory, Weight, Gravity — Law of Relativity and Four Forces in Physics
Goad — An iron spike, nail at the end of a rod about two or more metres long.
God's 7 Day Week vs Blind Evolution
Greatest Commandment — Love God with Heart, Soul, Mind and Strength
Greek History — Solon's Democracy to Alexander the Great
Happening — stuff that happens to happen to people
Homosexual, first used as a word about 1880
On a somewhat related issue, click here for some statistics on sex abnormalities in DNA, ones that do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies.
Click here for an authoritative Q&A on HIV/AIDS.
Host from "hostia" — holy victim/stranger/sacrifice
contrast with the other meaning of "Host" — from "hospes" — showing hospitality to strangers or guests
Human from "humanus" — Latin adjective for "belonging to man", human, obscurely related to "ghe", "ge" and "humus" — "belonging to the earth"
Humour, from Latin humor ‘moisture’, 'bodily fluids' changing in the late 16th century to its modern meaning where "humoring someone" means "providing amusement, teasing and sport"
Hur, Bible men in the Background
India its name as written in eight of its most widely spoken languages. Derived from an ancient emperor Bhaa-rata and in Sanskrit "Bhr"-Bear or carry and "Rata"-the search for, engaged in, love. Click here for links to more languages spoken by 20 million or more in India — Kannada, Maithili, Malayalam, Nepali, Odia and Sindhi.
English, according to the census, is spoken by 125 million of the people.
Inflation — its History
Japanese — some background to their scripts
Jealousy — Zeal — Envy — Qanna (Hebrew) and Zelos (Greek)
Jeremiah 29 and living in Babylon
Jerusalem — its History with maps to the "Old City", plus extra sketches of Herod's Temple.
Jesus's Family — Cousins,Aunties
Jesus Life on Earth 2 BC — 31 AD
Keep — Guard — Being responsible — Shamar
Kisses and other interesting subjects
Kyrie — It's Christmas, so I just updated my page on Kyrie Eleison and that old chap, Cyrus, with some extra background.
Let's Go Dancing — Choros
Love and Truth and Marriage (and soul and spirit)
The minimum age for the contract could be as low as 12 for girls and 14 for boys, though parental consent was expected particularly in England more so than in Scotland for it to be accepted by the community at such a young age. Still, there was no formal church registration requirement, and prior to the 1600s, worldwide records are few and far between, except for royalty and noblemen eg China's Confucius line. It has made life very difficult for historians.
Mass from "Dismissal" — Go forth
Mention from the Latin word "mens, mentis" and the Greek word "mneia" — the mind. Click here for Paul's use of the word in his prayers for the church. Click here for all New Testament related words "memories, remembrances, even sepulchres and tombs" — the past that is ever present in God, in his unchanging nature. "Jesus Christ the same yesterday, today, and
Mishnah also refers to the Second (or Oral) Law. It was codified by
Motorcars photos and links to 10 early vehicles during the first 27 years of the automobile industry starting with the famous Benz Patent Motorwagen in 1885, based on the Ottomotor internal combustion engine.
Click here for the first filling station in history, Bertha Benz (Karl Benz's wife) refuelling at a local pharmacy in Wiesloch Germany in 1888, taking on Ligroin, a solvent then referred to as Petroleum Ether, that consisted mostly of C7 and C8 hydrocarbons. Very shortly, the fame of Karl Benz's patented invention skyrocketed. Ligroin became Petroleumbenzin in Germany (benzina in Italy), having a name that also gave a nod to one of its important components benzene, benzol in Germany, and the car's engine became no longer simply a "Gasmotorfabriken", but a "Benzinmotor"
Click here for other early names for motor car fuel — moto essence in France, petrol in England, gasoline in the US — extracted from an early 1899 Automotor Pocket Book of Automotive Formulae and Commercial Intelligence that clarified somewhat the main brands used at the time.
Mt Sinai — The Law, and That Fellowship Issue - Good old 1 Corinthians
Music — its pentatonic, diatonic and chromatic scales, Chinese musicology, and A440 — the audio frequency reference presently used for orchestra tuning. What does all that mean ?
Myers Briggs Psychological Types and Work Place Stats
Nicodemus, Nicolas of Antioch, Nicolaus of Damascus, and Nicolaitans
Numbers and Measurements
Nun from "nana" — a term of family affection for an older lady
Offerings — Five Offerings in Leviticus
Paradise and the Third Heaven
Parish from "para-oikos" — just visiting a region
Passion — Suffering — Feeling Under Pressure — Pascho and Pascha
Passover — Dates in 2019
Friday 19th April (The Lord's Passover) is 14th day of first month when the passover lamb is killed, with its blood traditionally drained to the foot of the table (altar) before sunset. Normally the time of the full moon. In the first Passover, used to bedaub the lintel and the doorposts of the Hebrew houses in Egypt. Until the destruction of the Second Temple in 70AD, the sacrifice of each household's lamb was performed by a large number of priests in the Temple courtyard in Jerusalem, over perhaps a five hour period. Click here for a reference to this by Josephus.
Saturday 20th April is 15th day of month starting at sunset the previous evening, the first day of Unleavened Bread with the previous evening referred to as the Passover Seder when the whole household shares in the meal together. In some households and synagogues the Seder runs into the early hours of the following morning, with midnight remembering the moment of judgment on Egypt-the world, and the testing of Jesus in the Garden in Gethsemane. The Feast of Unleavened Bread then runs for seven days, with sacrifices every day in the Temple courtyard in accordance with Numbers 28
Sunday 21st April in 2019 is also the Feast of First Fruits, as it is the first day after the normal weekly sabbath.
Paul Brand and "Granny" Brand (and pain and Cain and Abel)
Paul's Missionary Journeys one per map plus a full map with original Bible names
Peace — Irony — Shalom (Hebrew) and Eirene (Greek)
Pneumatikos vs Psuchikos — Spiritual vs Natural
Priest — in old English "Preost" is related to the French word "Provost" (where the v is pronounced as a w), and the High German word "Probost". Both are related to the Latin word "Praepositus" — Front Row (Forward) and the Greek word "Presbus" — "Pres" (Front) and "Bu" (ox) — (an Ox) leading the way. From which we also derive the word "Presbyterian", normally translated in English as Elder. In the Vulgate Bible the Latin word "Senior" was used, their word for an Elder or Older man.
Priest in Old Testament Hebrew (and translated in the Greek Septuagint as "Hiereus") is the word "Kohen" — Officer (of God), a title conferred on Melchizedek in early Jerusalem at the time of Abraham, Jethro in Midian at the time of Moses, and then on Aaron (Moses's older brother) and his descendants.
Priest in New Testament Greek is the word Hiereus from "Hieros" — Holy One — the one who points the way to connectedness or Wholeness (Holiness). In the Latin Vulgate the word "Sacerdos" was used, for the one who did Holy or Sacred Acts. See too Hierosolyma — Jerusalem, "Pointing the Way out to Peace" from the Hebrew words "Yara" and "Shalom". Also Hieron, the "Holy Temple" (contrasted with Hagion, the "Holy Place").
"High" Priest is Archiereus — Actions of Piety of Christ in Hebrews 5
Psalm 137:9 — Devastation — Dashing little ones upon the rocks
Rabbis and Princes and Scribes and Pharisees — The Jewish Council — protecting the Law and all the Traditions of Judaism over the past 2,000 years
Religious Affiliations 2016
Repentance — A Changed Worldview — Nacham (Hebrew) and Metanoia (Greek)
Reprove and Rebuke — in a definition of Faith — the substructure of things expected (hoped for), the reproof of things not seen.
Righteous among the Nations — the story of Miep Gies (and Anne Frank)
"Risen" — the movie
Sacrifice from "sacred" and "facere" — to make sacred for God
in Greek "thusos" — smoke and fire
See — five shades of meaning
Seeking God and the Four Living Creatures
Seven Churches in Revelation
Sixes and Sevens (in Hebrew) and the Sabbath rest
South Africa timeline, "Amazing Grace", anti-slavery, Mr Hitler, and Nelson Mandela
Swearing an Oath — Shaba (Hebrew) and Horkos (Greek)
Tabernacle and the Temple in the days of Solomon, Zerubbabel and Herod
Table of Nations Josephus and World's Nations Today
Temptation — being stressed, pierced to the limits. In James 1 it says that no one is to accuse God of bringing stress to their temper, their limits.
God is limitless, he is untestable with badness, and he tests no one that way.
Rather, temptation means we are drawn away of our own coveting or cupidity (self-love) — chamad in Hebrew, epithumeo in Greek — our own heated yearning and become deluded, entrapped. Then when the yearning conceives, it gives birth to sin, and sin ultimately to death.
Terah — Father of Delay
The World and Thoughts on 1 John 5
U235 and U238 in Uranium — some basic notes
US and Canada — some history
Wisdom vs Knowledge and James 4
World Religions — Colossians 1&2, Romans 1:28 and Apollos
FYI, if you use an iPhone and you click on the icon and the website forvo.com just hangs there, you may need to clear your website history and data. This should also improve Safari's performance.
To do this
1. On the iPhone, select Settings, then select Safari. Tap the link Clear History and Website data.
2. Turn off your iPhone, then turn it on again.
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