Click here re the "make-up" of the human package as revealed in the use of the words in Greek in the New Testament
Hearts for logical wishing and hoping, souls for verbal feeling and expressing, minds for mental knowing and understanding, and strength for bodily working and serving :-)
When asked, Jesus brought the foremost command: "Love
God, With all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, with all your
Jesus then added, though unasked , the second command "and your neighbour as yourself" from Leviticus 19:18.
|And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:|
|And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart (Heb) (Gk), and with all your soul (Heb) (Gk), and with all your mind (Gk only), and with all your strength (Heb) (Gk): this is the first commandment.|
|And the second is like, namely this, you shall love your neighbour as yourself. There is no other commandment greater than these.|
In the original Hebrew, the heart is that which is "enclosed" within the body - the most hidden organ - Guard your heart with all diligence, for out of it are the issues of life --- a person's heart devises their way, but God fixes their steps --- and God's word (logos) penetrates deep inside, sharper than any two-edged sword, separating soul from spirit, and judging / distinguishing the inner passions — deliberations and intentions of the heart.
And thus keeping us on our toes when it comes to self-interest, "for many be called but few chosen" Matthew 20:16. Only God foreknows each one's end.
See too Ezekiel 18:30 "Turn back, find yourselves a new heart and a new spirit (that hidden man within). Turn back and live."
The word for soul in Latin is anima (from the Greek word anemos - wind, air), in Greek psuche (from psuchos - coolness), and in Hebrew nephesh (from naphash - refreshing). So it is the outward, cool, breathing of a person carried through the body in his/her blood i.e. joy, sorrow, anger, surprise, fear, interest, disgust. In the Old Testament we read that "The life, the soul of the flesh is in the blood and I have given it, the blood, to you upon the altar to make an atonement, a covering for your souls: for it is the (innocent) blood that makes an atonement, a covering for the soul." Leviticus 17:11. And in the New Testament, full atonement, covering in the second man (and "uttermost") Adam, the
See too that word for spirit — an active word (ruwach in Hebrew) and (pneuma in Greek) with that Hebrew word's secondary meaning "to blow (like a violent wind)" — God's desire being that each human soul be saturated with God's Holy Spirit via their soft, seated human spirit: "My soul does magnify the Lord and my spirit has rejoiced in God my Saviour."
The Greek word for mind here is "Dianoia" - "Deep knowing" or "Intellect" and is based on the Greek word "Nous" - "Knowing", in Latin "Mens" - "Mental capacity", linked a couple of verses later in Mark to "Understanding" - our "Getting it together" - with God's plan for that renewal to come through the spirit, rather than our own prudence, foresight, capability. "Be renewed in the spirit of your mind" Ephesians 4:23 and
And for those who reject God's working
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not approve or see any value in their having God in their knowledge , God gave them over to an unapproved i.e. having a low value, reprobate mind , doing things which just don't connect or fit.
Ephesians 4:17-18 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that you no longer walk as the other Gentiles walk, in the emptiness of their mind, having the intellect darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, through the hardness of their heart.
So, at the end of it all, to paraphrase, "With all your inward passion and planning — future expectations, with all your outward expression lifestyle and speech — living in the present, with all your inward knowing and comprehension — from past experiences and teaching, with all your outward strength and talents, love the Lord your God — and your neighbour — the one who is in need and is near by, as yourself.
Click here for a list of the Hebrew and Greek words for Love.