The seven churches listed below can be viewed as
|City||English Meaning of Name||Viewed as a Time Period||Comments about the Scriptures|
City in the west
|Apasus (Hittite word)|
City of Mother God and where John is believed to have taken Mary - mother of the son of God - to spend her last years
|31AD - 135AD|
Day of Pentecost to the forced removal of Jews from City of Jerusalem, currently enslaved but on high free the Mother of us all.
|God-centred & hard working but forsaking first love.|
|64AD - 312AD|
10 major government persecutions from Nero to Diocletian
|Politically Persecuted and Suffering|
City furthest to the north
A close ally of Rome famous for the Pergamon Altar a luxurious Greek temple.
|313AD - 1452AD|
Starts with Law passed by Constantine allowing Christian Church to own property — and presenting the Pope, the acknowledged leader (on earth), with the Lateran Palace in Rome, his own residence. Ends with Fall of Constantinople (Eastern Roman Empire).
but allowing priests and pastors who then "control" everyone else.
|4.Thyatira||Sacrificing continually||313AD - Today|
Starts with Constantine as Christian Church and Government powers combine. Worship of statues and sexual sin.
|Charitable but also promoting worldly desires & demonic activity via idols. Typified in James I of England who sponsored the King James Version of the Bible, and both accepted the people's "worship" and took a nobleman to his bedchamber as "wife". And yes, his son, Charles I was killed "with Death" (i.e. by execution).|
|5.Sardis||Sardius "precious stone"||1453AD - Today|
From the Reformation and the National churches - both Episcopal Anglican, Lutheran, Methodist and Reformed Presbyterian, Congregational.
Separation of Church & State.
|Spoken of as "Alive" but quite dry and very nearly dead. Typified in Europe 1618-1648 by the |
Click here for some brief notes on the etymology of the English word "school". Typified in England 1653-1658 with Oliver Cromwell's rule.
|6.Philadelphia||Love of the Family — connected via the womb||1738AD - Today|
From John and Charles Wesley (Methodist Revival) in the following century.
|Faithful and Prophetic and with a little power.|
Five wise virgins
City furthest south and east
|People's Rights||20th Century Churches||Man-centred and Positivist but full of lukewarm blather.|
Five foolish virgins
Note 1. Ephesus hates but Pergamos allows some who hold the teaching of the Nicolaitans - which Christ hates. There are no clear historical records anywhere of this teaching. Accordingly, we look at its literal meaning, which is "Victory of/over the laity - the people" as compared with Jesus's words "do not be called Master" and "call no one on earth Father"
Note 2 on Thyatira: you allow the woman Jezebel to teach .. to cause my servants to go astray .. to practise idolatry
Jezebel's literal meaning is "unmarried or chaste - as if on a higher plane".
**End of Notes