Saudi Arabia Royal Family
Year of ReignNameComments
2015Abdulaziz's son number 6
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (born 1935)
Abdullah appointed his son Mohammad bin Salman as Crown Prince 2017
2005Abdulaziz's son number 5
Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1924-2015)
1982Abdulaziz's son number 4
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1921-2005)
1975Abdulaziz's son number 3
Khalid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1913-1982)
1964Abdulaziz's son number 2
Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1906-1975)
Assassinated by his nephew
1953Abdulaziz's son number 1
Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1902-1969)
Forced from throne by his brother Faisal in 1964
1902Abdulaziz ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al Saud (1875-1953)Abdulaziz formed the Third Saudi State in Riyadh when its Rashidi governor, Ajlan, was killed in battle in 1902
The emir of Jabal Shamma, ibn Rashid, was killed in 1906
Following WW1, Abdulaziz became Sultan of Nejd in 1921
Captured Mecca and Medina from the Hashemite dynasty (current Kingdom of Jordan) in 1924
Renamed his kingdom Saudi Arabia in 1932
Petroleum discovered in 1938 with large scale oil production underway after WW2
Had 45 sons before dying in 1953
1875Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al Saud (1845-1928)Following family infighting, ruled briefly 1875-1876 and 1889-1891. Conquered by Arabian House of Rashid (who sought friendly ties with Ottoman Empire) and forced to flee in 1891
1834Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah Al Saud (1785-1865)Ruled from 1834 to 1838. Then he was forced into exile by the Ottomans. He reclaimed the throne in 1843 and ruled until 1865.
1824Turki bin Abdullah Al Saud (1755-1834)Conquered Riyadh from the Egyptians in 1824 forming the Second Saudi State, though as a vassal of the Ottomans.
Abdullah bin Muhammed bin Saud (1725-1812)Youngest son of Muhammed bin Saud and father of Turki who established the Second Saudi State.
1744Muhammed bin Saud (born circa 1685, died 1765)In 1744 formed the Emirate of Diriyah (First Saudi State) in an alliance with Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab. His son Abdul-Aziz ruled 1765-1803, conquering Riyadh and all of the Nejd (central modern Saudi Arabia).
His son Saud ruled 1803-1814, annexing Mecca and Medina from the Ottoman Empire. His son Abdullah bin Saud ruled 1814-1818 after which he was defeated by an Egyptian army led by Ibrahim Pasha and subsequently executed in Constantinople by the Ottomans, ending the first Saudi State.
Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin (1640-1725)Founder of the House of Saud

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