The Trumpet (the shofar) is blown on the first day of the seventh month (September-October) in the Jews religious calendar. This is also the date on which their year number changes.
The Shofar is also blown on weekdays during the sixth month of Elul (August-September) — this is part of very old Jewish tradition.
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Click here for a modern Hebrew calendar, showing their Feast days in 2021 on which they celebrate the Lunar dates of the first Exodus below.
The Jews split Exodus into the following four sections:
1. 50 days plus 1.
2. 40 days plus 2
3. 40 days Exodus 33 say, 29th June - 7th August. These 40 days and 40 nights are specified in Deuteronomy 9:18.
4. 40 days plus 5 Exodus 34 say, 8th August - 21st September, 30 days in Elul and 15 days in Tishri. Moses told to reconstruct those stone tablets that he broke and to go back up Mt Sinai again in order that God may write the commandments a second time. After reporting back, his face glowing, he then wore a veil.
It is this fourth section that has the tradition of blowing the Shofar to remind every one not to do what they did the first time Moses was on the mountain. It is blown right up until the second last day of Elul. Then a final blast at the appearance of a sliver of light — the new month of Tishri.
The Jewish authorities made that day a 48 hour day (say, 7th - 8th September), just so there would be no missing the start of that new month.
Then, 10 days say, 7th September - 16th September, to Yom Kippur the Day of Atonement (Covering / Reconciliation) reminding the people that there is reconciliation and covering available - providing they have repented - and bringing them into an ongoing relationship with the Lord in preparation for Feast of Tabernacles, 5 days later. Note that after Joshua, it would not be until Nehemiah 8:14, over 1,000 years later, that this feast would be celebrated at a level that involved all the children of Israel.
So in total 178 days (6 lunar months @ 29.54 days per lunar month).
And, in Leviticus 23, seven feasts (or appointed times) are mentioned.
Four feasts were fulfilled 2,000 years ago:
Leviticus 23:10-14 "Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, When you enter the land which I am going to give to you and reap its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest. He shall wave the sheaf before the LORD for you to be accepted; on the day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. Now on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb one year old without defect for a burnt offering to the LORD plus a grain and drink offering. Don't eat from the harvest prior this."
Deuteronomy 16:9-11 "You shall count seven weeks for yourself; you shall begin to count seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the standing grain. Then you shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks to the LORD your God with a tribute of a freewill offering of your hand, which you shall give just as the LORD your God blesses you; and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God ..."
There are then three other feasts, the first of which may well have been fulfilled on Rosh Hashanah in 2006 AD.
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