James Ussher's chronology of 1650 and later chronologies have been used extensively in many editions of the King James Bible. They show the fall of Jerusalem as occurring around 586 BC, and follow Ptolemy's secular
However, about 80 years needs to come off from each year published by Greek historian Herodotus (and later altered for political purposes). It appears Herodotus lived many years later than the period (484 BC - 425 BC) normally allotted to him, and thus when Alexander's teacher Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC) refers to Herodotus as a historian — and there appear no personal references to Herodotus's name prior to this — Aristotle was speaking of him as a contemporary.
Click here for the four Persian kings that followed Cyrus the Great.
Click here for a reconciled Greek history.
The early church (and Jewish chronology) were very conscious of
This introduced an 80 (or so) year discrepancy back to the foundation of the temple, which Ussher recorded as occurring in 1012 BC (instead of 931 BC). However, his use of that year being the "480th year" since the Exodus fails to account for 94 "enslaved" / uncounted years during the period of the Judges, as seen in Paul's account in the Book of Acts click here for these years. So it introduced a nett discrepancy of 14 years (or so) — the Exodus was recorded by him as occurring about 1491 BC (rather than 1505 BC) and Adam created in October, at the Jewish start of 4004 BC (rather than 4018 BC).
Click here for a summary of these years (4004BC - 1491BC) as published in Answers in Genesis.
Click here re the "Great Disappointment", many people's subsequent name for that year. William Miller himself then died, five years later.
Click here for Preterism, an English word based on the Latin word "praeter" for all who believed the prophecies in the Book of Revelation were "prior", took place in 70AD-135AD when the Romans destroyed Jerusalem. A derogatory term apparently first used in 1843 by GS Faber, an Anglican writer and vicar in Durham in England who wrote
"to consider certain vituperative (censuring) prophecies as already accomplished in the course of the first and second centuries; whence, to commentators of this School, we may fitly apply the name of Preterists." — The Sacred Calendar of Prophecy 2nd Edition 1843
Click here for further background to Premillenial and Postmillenial positions and Dispensationalism, terms promoted strongly in the Scofield Reference Bible (first published 1909).
** End of article