Languages and Population History of China, India, and others, contrasted with the West

The population estimates are taken mainly from www.populstat.com and www.worldometers.info and here for ancient China and here for ancient India.

Intro: World Population in 1 AD

Estimated Total is 200 million
China estimated at 60 million, India 60 million, and the Parthian Empire (modern day Iran) between 7 - 20 million
Click here for the start of the Persian (and after 247 BC the Parthian) empire under Cyrus the Great, as recorded in Daniel.
With regards to Iran, a census in 1857 showed Persia (as it was again known) to be just 4 million. Since 1857 Iran has grown to 80 million
.

In this Roman Empire estimate from 14 AD, the eastern region shows Anatolia (modern day Turkey) with 8 million, Egypt and Libya 5 million, Syria and Judaea 4 million, the Greek Peninsula 3 million, totalling 20 million.

In the West, Italy including Rome shows 7 million, Gaul (ie Britain & France) plus Germany 6 million, Iberia (Spain) 5 million, Danube Region (ie Austria-Hungary & Slavic peoples) 3 million, Maghreb (Northern Africa) 3 million, Others 1 million, totalling 25 million.

The population of the other individual nations / tribes in the rest of Asia was probably less than one million. This was also the case in much of Africa, in Australia, and also America, in their "pueblos" as the Spanish later called their villages. Where every tribe with their own languages and in most cases, their own scripts settled after the flood. People as now moved to where education, farms and townships, trade roads and ports predominated, and where business contracts could be made.

 

Regarding ancient maps 400 BC to 400 AD

End intro

In the columns below, India includes the modern countries of Pakistan and Bangladesh up to 1900.

Click here for a History of India, a most diverse country, with numerous languages and scripts.

Click here for some Background to China, by 1800 easily the largest kingdom in the world with its own language and script.

Click here for Moscow in 1283, traditionally the year of its first monastery. With relation to the history of the Ukraine, the country was incorporated into Russia during the years 1654-1795, and except for a short period in 1918-1921, not achieving independence until the breakup of the USSR in 1991. Click here for other Soviet Republics.

Click here for the History of Canada, Mexico and the US, and their breaking away from Europe while retaining the French language to some extent in Canada, Spanish in Mexico, and English in the US. Through the US's predominant influence in the United Nations (at least initially), in Banking, in Media and in Computers, US English today has become the defacto international language.

China
Han Chinese
IndiaPakistanBangladeshIndonesiaJapanRussia & USSR(1922‑1991)
Area Sq.Kms.9.5 million3.3 million880,000150,0001.9 million
(Java 128,000)
378,00017 million
USSR(22.4 million)
Main Language
after 1800
MandarinHindiPunjabi & EnglishBengaliJavanese & IndonesianJapanese
Nippon/Nihon
Russian
Russkiy
Population in millions
2000 BCUnknown6
500 BC1225
1 AD6060< 1< 1< 1
15006110086
1600511301214
17002101702615
17501801802623
1800300200162635
1850430240232768
19004002954344133
193049028023366164161
195055535040427083181
196066045050528893214
19708205556067115105243
198010006998388147118265
19901170873112110181124288
200012901057142129212127146
201013601234187153243128143
201914361372218164272127146

 

Other large countries 50 million+ in Middle East, Asia, South America and Africa

  1. Iran 4 million in 1850, 10 million in 1900, 20 million in 1958, 40 million in 1982, 83 million today.
  2. Turkey 5 million in 1800, 10 million in 1885, 20 million in 1949, 40 million in 1975, 84 million today.

Asia

  1. Philippines 600,000 in 1565, 2½ million in 1830, 7 million in 1898, 20 million in 1950, 50 million in 1980, 109 million today.
    Philippines was ruled by Spain from 1565 until 1898 when it became a US Territory. Commonwealth status (a transition phase towards independence) was granted in 1935. The country was conquered by Japan 1942-1945, and then gained full independence in 1946.
  2. Vietnam 14 million in 1900, 30 million in 1954, 60 million in 1985, 97 million today.
    Vietnam was split into north and south after the Japanese left in 1945, until reunited in 1975.
  3. Thailand 4 million in 1800, 5 million in 1850, 6 million in 1900, 10 million in 1927, 20 million in 1951, 30 million in 1964, 40 million in 1974, 50 million in 1984, 60 million in 1996, 70 million today.
  4. Myanmar (Burma) 4 million in 1800, 5 million in 1900, 10 million in 1910, 20 million in 1954, 30 million in 1975, 40 million in 1989, 50 million in 2003, 54 million today.
  5. South Korea In 1900 the country was undivided and South Korea's share of the population was about 5 million. In 1910 Japan annexed the whole country. Following Japan's defeat and with Soviet troops advancing, the country was divided at the 38th parallel by US troops on 10 August 1945. The south's population share was then about 16 million, and Seoul became its new capital city. South Korea grew to 20 million in 1950, 51 million today.

    While North Korea is about 26 million today.

    In 1900, its share of the population was about 7 million, and in 1945 about 9 million. At least 400,000 refugees fled south with Korea's division, though the figure may have been as high as 4 million over the five years 1945-1950. In May 1946 it became illegal to cross the 38th Parallel without a permit. In 1950 North Korea invaded South Korea with the aid of Stalin and Mao. Both sides lost between 1 - 1½ million people each during the following three year war, the UN, well, mainly the US, assisting the south.

South America

  1. Brazil To go to the "New World" and its info click here. Population 212 million today. Ruled by Portugal until 1825.
  2. Colombia 1½ million in 1800, 4 million in 1903, 12 million in 1953, 51 million today. Ruled by Spain until 1810.

Africa

  1. Nigeria 15 million in 1900, 30 million in 1948, 60 million in 1972, 120 million 1998, 203 million today.
    Independence from Great Britain came in 1960. With Great Britain's war against the slave trade, it had annexed Lagos back in 1861, and then the colony of Nigeria in 1900.
  2. Ethiopia 10 million in 1900, 20 million in 1955, 40 million in 1982, 75 million in 2005, 113 million today.
  3. Egypt 2 million in 1700, 4 million in 1800, 7½ million in 1880, 15 million in 1930, 30 million in 1965, 50 million in 1985, 101 million today.
  4. Congo (Democratic Republic) 4 million in 1900, 10 million in 1937, 20 million in 1971, 45 million in 1997, 88 million today.
    Independence from Belgium came in 1960. Belgium had earlier annexed the Congo in 1908 following pressure from Great Britain. That had followed a declaration of "private ownership" of the property of what became known as Congo Free State by King Leopold of Belgium at the West Africa Conference in Berlin in 1885. Named Zaire from 1971-1997.
  5. South Africa 5 million in 1900, 12 million in 1949, 32 million in 1984, 59 million today.
    Independence from Great Britain came in 1961. The British had been in the Cape Colony (Cape of Good Hope) since 1795. Great Britain's military invasion there had followed the French Revolution, when French troops had entered and then taken over the Dutch Republic — which at that time stretched from Holland – next door to France – via the Cape of Good Hope as far as Batavia (Java) in the East Indies. In 1910 Cape Colony combined with three other British colonies to form the Union of South Africa.
  6. Tanzania 4 million in 1900, 8 million in 1949, 20 million in 1984, 59 million today.
    Independence from Great Britain came in 1964 when Tanganyika (on the mainland) united with Zanzibar (a coastal archipelago) to form Tanzania. From 1885 to 1919 Tanganyika had been part of German East Africa.
  7. Kenya 1 million in 1900, 3 million in 1930, 8 million in 1960, 20 million in 1985, 53 million today.
    Independence from Great Britain came in 1962. It was earlier known as British East Africa, following missionary and later commercial activity (in 1888), then becoming a British protectorate in 1895.

 

England, France, Germany, Italy, Spain

Click here for inner London's population growth, from perhaps 30,000 in 60AD to 50,000 in 1340 to 200,000 in 1600 to 1 million in 1800 to 4½ million in 1900. In 2011 inner London was about 3 million, outer boroughs were 5 million, totalling 8 million

EnglandFranceGermanyItalySpain
Area Sq.Kms.130,000644,000357,000300,000505,000
Main Language
after 1500
EnglishFrench
Francais
German
Deutsche
Italian
Italiano
Spanish
Espagnol
Population in millions
1 AD375
110021167
120041388
13005Bubonic Plague (Black Death in England) 1348-1349 and 1361-1362
140021410
150021612118
160042015128
170052415137
1800829251710
18501635352413
19003040563218
19503942684728
20004960835741
20195565846147

 

Scotland, Wales and Ireland, historically low populations, relative to England

Island of Ireland
IrelandNorthern IrelandScotlandWales
Area Sq.Kms.70,00014,00080,00020,000
Main Language
before English
Irish Gaelic
before 1840
Scottish Gaelic
before 1600-1700
British Celtic
before 1911
Population in millions
1 ADUnknown
12001
150020.50.25
160020.80.35
1700310.4
177041.40.5
18406.531.652.61
1844-46Great Potato Famine, a time when 3 million people in Ireland were dependent on the potato crop as a food source, disease probably from the US wiped it out during three years. By 1851, 22,000 had died from starvation, a conservative figure of 400,000 had died from famine-related diseases (diphtheria, dysentery, cholera, smallpox, influenza), and one million had emigrated, mostly to the US.
18515.111.442.91.1
18704.051.363.4
19202.971.255
20003.91.6853
20194.91.95.33.1

 

New World

Australia, USA, Canada, Mexico and Brazil

AustraliaUSACanadaMexicoBrazil
Area Sq.Kms.7.7 million9.8 million10 million2 million8.5 million
Main Language
after 1800
EnglishEnglishEnglish
(& French)
SpanishPortuguese
Population in millions
1 ADUnknown
1800554
1820106
18401727
1860131388
188025041012
190047651418
1920510691427
19407132122041
19508151142854
196010179183872
197013203215295
1980152272569121
1990172492885149
20001928131102175
20102230934117197
20192533038128212

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