Extract from http://www.aina.org/faq.html

The Assyrian Kings List
B.C.

During Akkadian Domination

Note: To balance this record with www.swcs.com.au/timeline.asp and the collapse of Nineveh in 532BC, 80 years came off from each date.
Click here for the Nebuchadnezzar-related background to these 80 years. Click here for a reconciliation with the Jewish calendar.

This balances these records with both Jewish and Christian calendars.

This also places Sargon I (identified by many with Nimrod in the Scriptures) in 2254BC – 2199BC   and the kingdom of Babylon. Steve.

Sargon I

2254

2199

55 years

United Mesopotamia (Sumer & Akkad)

Rimush

2198

2190

8

Conquers Elam and Marhashi (Central Iran)

Manishtushu

2189

2175

14

Renovates Temple of Ishtar

Naram-Sin

2174

2138

36

Arrogates god-like status to himself

Shar-Kali-Shari

2137

2113

24

Akkadian kingship begins to weaken

Igigi

2112

 

 

 

Nanium

 

 

 

 

Imi

 

 

 

 

Elul-dan

2110

 

 

 

Dudu

2109

2089

20

 

Shu-Turul

2088

2074

14

Akkadian empire collapses

Neo-Sumerian Domination

Ur-Nammu

2032

2015

17

Establishes the Third Dynasty of Ur

Shulgi

2014

1967

47

Extends father's empire to all of Assyria

Amar-Sin

1966

1958

8

 

Shu-Sin

1957

1949

8

 

Ibbi-Sin

1948

1924

24

Amorites weaken Sumerian power

Historic Period (written history)

Erishum II

1840

1820

20

 

Shamshi-Adad I

1733

1701

32

Unites all independent Assyrian city-states

Ishme-Dagan I

1700

1661

39

Contemporary with Hammurabi of Babylon

Ashur-Dugul

 

 

 

 

5 Unknown Rulers

 

 

 

 

Adasi

 

 

 

 

Several Minor Rulers

 

 

 

 

Erishum III

 

 

 

 

Shamshi-Adad II

 

 

 

 

Ishme-Dagan II

 

 

 

 

Shamshi-Adad III

 

 

 

 

Ashur-Nirari I

 

 

 

 

Puzur-Ashur III

1520

 

 

 

Enlil-Nasir I

 

 

 

 

Ashur-Nirar IIi

 

 

 

 

Ashur-Bel-Nisheshu

1337

1329

8

 

Ashur-Rim-Nisheshu

 

 

 

 

Ashur-Nadin-Ahhe II

 

 

 

 

Eriba-Adad I

 

 

 

 

Middle Period

 

 

 

 

Ashur-Uballit I

1283

1248

35

Gains Assyrian Independence from Mittani

Enlil-Nirari

1247

1238

9

 

Arik-Den-Ili

1237

1226

11

 

Adad-Nirari I

1225

1194

31

Mittani falls to Assyria

Shalmaneser I

1193

1164

29

Urartu falls to Assyria

Tukulti-Ninurta I

1163

1127

36

Sacks Babylon, killed by his own son

Ashur-Nadin-Apli

1126

1123

3

Assyrian power is weakened

Ashur-Nirari III

1122

1117

5

 

Enlil-Kudurri-Usur

1116

1111

5

 

Ninurta-Apal-Ekur

1111

1099

12

 

Ashur-Dan I

1098

1053

45

Elam captures Babylonia

Ashur-Resha-Ishi I

1052

1035

17

Nebuchadnezzar I of Babylon captures Elam

Ninurta-Tukulti-Ashur

1035

1034

1

 

Mutakkil-Nusku

1035

1034

1

 

Tiglath-Pileser I

1034

996

38

In defending Assyria, defeats Nebuchadnezzar

Asharid-Pal-Ekur II

 

 

 

Limited to Nineveh,Irbil, & Ashur province

Ashur-Bel-Kala

996

977

19

 

?

977

973

4

 

Shamshi-Adad IV

973

969

4

 

5 Unknown Rulers

969

930

39

 

Ashur-Rabi II

930

890

40

Israel & Judah under Solomon

Ashur-Resh-Ishi II

889

887

2

 

Tiglath-Pilasar II

886

855

31

 

Ashur-Dan II

854

832

22

 

Late Period

Adad-Nirari II

831

811

20

Captures Babylonia, Anatolia, & Syrian plain

Tukulti-Ninurta II

810

804

6

Peace with Babylon, no tributes required

Ashurnasirpal II

803

779

24

Assyrian empire reaches Mediterranean Sea

Shalmaneser III

778

744

34

Defeats Arameans, captures Babylon & Persia

Shamshi-Adad V

743

731

12

 

Shamiram

731

726

5

Ruler of Assyria while her son was a minor

Adad-Nirari III

726

703

23

Assyrian rule weakens

Shalmaneser IV

702

693

9

 

Ashur-Dan III

692

675

17

Rebellions against Assyria

Ashur-Nirari V

674

665

9

 

Tiglath-Pileser III

664

647

17

Regains Assyrian might greater than before

Shalmaneser V

654

639

15

Captures Samaria, deports Israelites, probably reigning conjointly with his father,brother,nephew

Sargon II

654

638

16

Captures Egypt, Urartu, Babylon, Dies in a battle, probably reigned conjointly with his father,brother,son

Sennacherib

654

631

23

Fought rebellions, destroyed Babylon, probably reigning conjointly with his grandfather,uncle,father

Esarhaddon

630

619

11

Rebuilt Babylon, defeated Scythians, Cimmerians

Ashurbanipal

618

577

41

Defeats Egypt, Lydia, & Elam. Last great king of Assyria. Famously, his Royal Library in Nineveh, discovered in 1853, contained numerous clay tablets in Akkadian that included the "Epic of Gilgamesh", composed between 1300BC and 1000BC. Gilgamesh was apparently a king of Erech circa 2100BC who visited Utnapishtim (Noah) to discover the secret of eternal life, rumoured to have been granted to Noah after the flood, given his great age at that time.

Ashur-Etel-Ilani

547

544

3

Babylonians attack Assyria. His reign follows, perhaps, 30 years of pretenders. Nation greatly weakened.

Sin-Shar-Ishkun

543

532

11

Medes sack Nineveh

Ashur-Uballit II

532

529

3

Flees to Harran, supported by Egyptians

Assyrians: Frequently Asked Questions

Who are the Assyrians?

A semitic peoples indigenous to North Iraq; builders of the great Mesopotamian civilizations; ethnically distinct from Arabs and Jews (the other semitic peoples of the region).

What language do they speak?

They currently speak modern Assyrian (also known as neo-Syriac), which is the oldest extant language, and was the lingua franca of the Middle East until 900 A.D., when it was supplanted by Arabic (except among Assyrians). Before this they spoke Akkadian and Assyrian Aramaic (which co-existed until circa 500 B.C. Aramaic was made the second official language of the Empire in 752 B.C.). Modern Assyrian (neo-Syriac) is derived from Assyrian Aramaic, is written right to left, and has a lot of Akkadian vocabulary and influence in it.

What is their religion?

Assyrians are Christians. They belong to three main Assyrian churches: 1) The Assyrian Church of the East (at times called "Nestorian"), established in 33 A.D. by Theodos, Thomas, and Bartholomew; 2) the Syriac Orthodox Church (at times called "Jacobite"), established in 450 A.D.; 3) the Chaldean Church of Babylon (Roman Catholic), established in 1552 A.D.

Where do they live?

The majority of Assyrians live in their ancestral homeland, which is now part of Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey. Here is a geographical breakdown

World Assyrian Population

Country

Population

click on a column name to sort

Armenia

15000

 

 

Australia

30000

 

 

Austria

7000

 

 

Belgium

15000

 

 

Brazil

10000

 

 

Canada

23000

 

 

Denmark

10000

 

 

France

20000

 

 

Georgia

15000

 

 

Germany

70000

 

 

Greece

8000

 

 

Iran

50000

 

 

Iraq

1500000

 

 

Italy

3000

 

 

Jordan

44000

 

 

Lebanon

100000

 

 

Mexico

2000

 

 

Netherlands

20000

 

 

New Zealand

3000

 

 

Russian Federation

70000

 

 

Sweden

120000

 

 

Switzerland

10000

 

 

Syrian Arab Republic

700000

 

 

Turkey

24000

 

 

United Kingdom/Great Britain

8000

 

 

United States

400000

 

 

-Other-

100000

 

 

What are important dates for Assyrians?

Introduction

Assyrians of today belong to three major churches: the Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East (at times called "Nestorian"), The Assyrian Orthodox Church (at times called "Jacobite") and the Chaldean Church of Babylon ("Chaldeans", Roman Catholic uniates). Precise numbers are difficult to estimate, but there are about 800,000 members in the Church of the East, 1,500,000 members in the Chaldean Church, and about 900,000 members in the Assyrian Orthodox Church.

Beginnings

The Assyrian Church of the East (hence forth ACE), whose official name is the Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East, was established in 33 A.D. by the apostles Thomas (Toma in Assyrian), Theodos (Addai in Assyrian), and Bartholomew (Bar Tulmay in Assyrian). The first Patriarch of ACE was Addai, although Thomas and Bartholomew are also officially listed as the first Patriarchs (see Table of Apostolic Succession below).

ACE spread from the Assyrian city Arbela (in North Iraq; Arbela means "Four Gods" in Assyrian) to the surrounding areas of Persia, Syria, and Iraq, and later became centered in Seleucia-Ctesiphon (just south of Baghdad). Through its missionary enterprise, ACE became (perhaps) the largest Church in the world by the 12th century, extending from Syria to China, Korea, Japan, and the Phillipines. ACE was overwhelmed by the Mongol Timur (Tamerlane) and after the thirteenth century could never recover its past glory. It was reduced to a small church in the Assyrian heartland in North Iraq.

The significant achievements of ACE include the translation movement of its clergy and laity, which saw the translation of all the major Greek works of science, philosophy and religion into Assyrian (then into Arabic), and which produced original Assyrian thinkers who wrote extensively and diversely in various fields.

The First Division

ACE was centered in the Sassanid empire, which was rival to the Byzantine empire to the west. Political tension between the two empires separated Eastern from Western Christians, and doctrinal disputes over the nature of Christ (monophysites/diophysites) further distanced the Christian communities. The monophysitic movement gained a stronghold in the Byzantine realm and the Church of the East divided along these geopolitical/doctrinal lines by 450 A.D. -- The Syriac Orthodox Church (SOC) was born.

On this subject, whether Christ is to be said to have “one nature” in total unity, or “two natures” in total unity, many today agree with Paul’s warning to Timothy to withdraw from all who argue, without profit, “over words”. Steve.

 

The Second Division

In 780 A.D. there occurred a division in SOC, and Mar Maron took his followers from Syria and settled in Mount Lebanon, founding the Maronite Church. The Christians of Lebanon are known as "Maronites", after Mar Maron. The Maronite Church has since become a Roman Catholic Uniate i.e. in union with the Roman Catholic church.

The Third Division

In 1552 A.D. there arose a debate over how the Patriarch of ACE should be chosen. The Patriarch had been elected, but a faction in the Church desired that the Patriarchate become hereditary. The Hereditary faction lost its dispute and as a result sought allegiance with the Catholic Church of Rome. The Roman church made the hereditary faction Roman Catholic Uniates and called the new church the Chaldean Church of Babylon (CCB), to distinguish it from ACE. But in an interesting reversal, the hereditary faction returned fifty years later and took control of ACE, and the election faction took control of CCB.

Table of Apostolic Succession for the Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East

1.                          33 Toma (Thomas)

2.                          33 Bar Tulmay (Bartholomew)

3.                          33 - 45 Addai (Thaddeus)

4.                          45 - 81 Agai, disciple of Addai (from the Seventy Disciples)

5.                          48 - 81 Mari, disciple of Addai (from the Seventy Disciples)

6.                          90 - 107 Abris, relative of the Virgin Mary

7.                          130 - 152 Oraham I

8.                          172 - 190 Yacob I, relative of Joseph the Carpenter

9.                          191 - 203 Ebid M'shikha

10.                     205 - 220 Akhu d'Awu

11.                     224 - 244 Shakhlupa of Kashkar

12.                     247 - 326 Papa Bar Gaggai

13.                     328 - 341 Shimun Bar Sabbai

14.                     345 - 347 Shahdost

15.                     350 - 358 Bar Bashmin

16.                     383 - 393 Tumarsa

17.                     393 - 399 Qaiyuma

18.                     399 - 411 Eskhaq

19.                     411 - 415 Akhkhi

20.                     415 - 420 Yoalaha I

21.                     420 Maana

22.                     421 Qarabukht

23.                     421 - 456 Dadishu

24.                     457 - 484 Bawai or Babu

25.                     484 - 496 Aqaq

26.                     496 - 502 Bawai

27.                     505 - 523 Sheela

28.                     524 - 535 Narsai

29.                     524 - 538 Elisha (dual Patriarchate)

30.                     539 - 540 Polos

31.                     552 - 567 Yosip

32.                     570 - 581 Khazqiyil

33.                     581 - 595 Eshuyow I, Arzunaya

34.                     596 - 604 Soreshu I Garmaqaya

35.                     605 - 608 Greghor, Partaya

36.                     628 - 644 Eshuyow II (Gdalaya or Arab)

37.                     647 - 650 Mar Immeh

38.                     650 - 660 Eshuyow III, Kdayawaya

39.                     681 - 684 Gewargis I

40.                     684 - 692 Yokhannan I, Bar Marta

41.                     686 - 693 Khnaishu I (dual Patriarchate)

42.                     693 - 694 Yokhannan II, Garba

43.                     714 - 728 Sliwazkha

44.                     731 - 740 Pethyon

45.                     741 - 751 Awa

46.                     752 - 754 Surin

47.                     754 - 773 Yacob II

48.                     774 - 778 Khnanishu II (the Assyrian monument in China was erected during his reign)

49.                     780 - 820 Timotheus I

50.                     820 - 824 Esho-barnon

51.                     825 - 832 Gewargis II

52.                     832 - 836 Soreshu II

53.                     837 - 850 Oraham II, Margaya

54.                     850 - 852 Teadasis (Theodoros)

55.                     860 - 872 Sargis, Suwaya

56.                     873 - 884 Annush d'beth Garmay

57.                     884 - 892 Yokhannan III, Bar Narsai

58.                     892 - 898 Yokhannan IV

59.                     900 - 905 Yokhannan V

60.                     906 - 937 Oraham III, Abraza

61.                     937 - 949 Ammanoel I

62.                     961 - 962 Esrail Karkhaya

63.                     963 - 986 Odishu Garmaqaya

64.                     967 - 1000 Mari Aturaya

65.                     1001 - 1012 Yokhannan VI

66.                     1013 - 1022 Yokhannan VII

67.                     1023 - 1027 Eshuyow IV

68.                     1028 - 1049 Elia I

69.                     1049 - 1057 Yokhannan VIII

70.                     1057 - 1072 Soreshu III (Bar Zanbur)

71.                     1072 - 1090 Odishu II (Bar Ars) Aturaya

72.                     1092 - 1109 Makkikha I (Bar Shlemon)

73.                     1111 - 1132 Elia II

74.                     1133 - 1135 Bar Soma (Of Suwa)

75.                     1135 - 1136 Bar Gabbara

76.                     1138 - 1147 Odishu III (nephew of Elia II)

77.                     1148 - 1175 Eshuyow V (from Beth Zodai, Baladaya)

78.                     1176 - 1190 Elia III (Abukhalim)

79.                     1191 - 1222 Yoalaha II (Bar Qaiyuma)

80.                     1222 - 1226 Soreshu IV

81.                     1226 - 1256 Soreshu V (from Baghdad)

82.                     1257 - 1265 Makkikha II

83.                     1265 - 1281 Dinkha I, Arbilaya (from Arbil)

84.                     1281 - 1318 Yoalaha III, Bar Turkaye (Turkish by race)

85.                     1318 - 1328 Timotheus II, Arbilaya

86.                     1329 - 1359 Dinkha II

87.                     1359 - 1368 Dinkha III

88.                     1369 - 1392 Shimun III

89.                     1403 - 1407 Shimun IV

90.                     1407 - 1420 Elia III

91.                     1420 - 1447 Shimun V

92.                     1448 - 1490 Shimun VI

93.                     1491 - 1504 Elia V

94.                     1505 - 1538 Shimun VII

95.                     1538 - 1551 Eshuyow Shimun VIII

96.                     1552 - 1558 Dinkha Shimun IX (Bar Mama)

97.                     1558 - 1580 Yoalaha Shimun X

98.                     1580 - 1600 Dinkha Shimun XI

99.                     1600 - 1653 Elia Shimun XI

100.               1653 - 1690 Eshuyow Shimun XIII

101.               1690 - 1692 Yoalaha Shimun XIV

102.               1692 - 1700 Dinkha Shimun XV

103.               1700 - 1740 Shlemon (Sulaiman) shimun XVI

104.               1740 - 1741 Mikhail (Muukhattis) Shimun XVII

105.               1740 - 1820 Yonan (Yuna) Shimun XVIII

106.               1820 - 1860 Oraham Shimun XIX

107.               1860 - 1903 Ruwil Shimun XX

108.               1903 - 1918 Binyamin Shimun XXI

109.               1918 - 1920 Polos Shimun XXII

110.               1920 - 1975 Eshai Shimun XXIII

111.               1976 - 2015 Dinkha IV

112.               2015 Gewargis III (current)

Table of Apostolic Succession for the Syriac Orthodox Church

1.                          St. Peter 37

2.                          Euodius 67

3.                          Ignatius 68

4.                          Heros 107

5.                          Cornelius 127

6.                          Heros II 154

7.                          Theophilus 169

8.                          Maximianus 182

9.                          Serapion 191

10.                     Asclipiades 211

11.                     Philetus 220

12.                     Zebinus 231

13.                     Babylas 237

14.                     Fabius 251

15.                     Demetrianus 254

16.                     Paul 260

17.                     Domnus I 268

18.                     Timaeus 273

19.                     Cyril 283

20.                     Arannus 304

21.                     Vitalius 314

22.                     Philogonius 320

23.                     Paulinus 323

24.                     Eustathius 324

25.                     Meletius 360

26.                     Flavian I 381

27.                     Porphyrius 404

28.                     Alexander 412

29.                     Theodotus 417

30.                     John I 428

31.                     Domnus 442

32.                     Maximus 449

33.                     Peter II 468

34.                     Palladius 488

35.                     Flavian II 498

36.                     Severus 512

37.                     Sergius 544

38.                     Paul II 550

39.                     Peter III 581

40.                     Julian I 591

41.                     Athanasius 595

42.                     John II 631

43.                     Theodore 649

44.                     Severus II 667

45.                     Athanasius 683

46.                     Julian 11 686

47.                     Elias I 709

48.                     Athanasius 724

49.                     Iwannis I 740

50.                     George I 758

51.                     Joseph 790

52.                     Kyriakos 793

53.                     Dionysius 817

54.                     John III 846

55.                     Ignatius II 878

56.                     Theodosius 887

57.                     Dionysius 897

58.                     John IV 910

59.                     Basil I 923

60.                     John V 936

61.                     Iwannis II 954

62.                     Dionysius III 958

63.                     Abraham 962

64.                     John VI 963

65.                     Athanasius 986

66.                     John VII 1004

67.                     Dionysius 1034

68.                     John VIII 1049

69.                     Athanasius 1058

70.                     John IX 1063

71.                     Basil II 1074

72.                     Dionysius V 1077

73.                     Iwannis III 1080

74.                     Dionysius VI 1088

75.                     Athanasius 1091

76.                     John X 1129

77.                     Athanasius 1138

78.                     Michael 1166

79.                     Athanasius 1200

80.                     John XI 1208

81.                     Ignatius III 1222

82.                     John XII 1263

83.                     Ignatius IV 1264

84.                     Philoxenus 1283

85.                     Michael II 1292

86.                     Michael 11 1312

87.                     Basil HI 1387

88.                     Philoxenus 1394

89.                     Basil IV 1421

90.                     Behnam 1445

91.                     Khalaf 1455

92.                     John XIII 1483

93.                     Noah 1493

94.                     Yeshue I 1509

95.                     Jacob I 1512

96.                     David I 1517

97.                     Abdullah I 1520

98.                     Ne'matallah 1557

99.                     David II 1576

100.               Pilate 1591

101.               Hadayatallah 1597

102.               Simon 1640

103.               Yeshue II 1659

104.               Abdulmassih 1662

105.               George II 1687

106.               Isaac Azar 1709

107.               Shukrallah 1722

108.               George III 1745

109.               George IV 1768

110.               Matthew 1782

111.               Jonah 1817

112.               George V 1819

113.               Elias II 1838

114.               Jacob II 1847

115.               Peter IV 1872

116.               Abdulmassih 1895

117.               Abdullah II 1906

118.               Elias III 1917

119.               Ephrem I 1933

120.               Jacob III 1957

121.               Zakka I 1980

122.               Ignatius Aphrem II 2014 (current)

Table of Apostolic Succession for the Chaldean Church of Babylon
Patriarchs 1 to 96 (33 A.D. to 1552 A.D.) are the same as the Church of the East.

1.                          1552-1558 Yukhanan Sulaqa

2.                          1558-1576 Eliyya VI

3.                          1576-1591 Eliyya VII

4.                          1591-1617 Eliyya VIII

5.                          1617-1660 Eliyya IX

6.                          1660-1700 Eliyya X Yohannan Marogin

7.                          1700-1722 Eliyya XI Marogin

8.                          1772-1778 Elyya XII Denha

9.                          1778-1804 Eliyya XIII Isho-Yab

10.                     1830-1838 Yohannan VII Hormez

11.                     1840-1848 Nicolas Zaya

12.                     1848-1878 Joseph VI Audo

13.                     1879-1894 Elie XIV Abo-Alyonan

14.                     1894-1899 Abdisho V Khayat

15.                     1900-1947 Joseph Emmanuel II Toma

16.                     1947-1958 Joseph VII Ghanima

17.                     1958-1989 Paul II Cheikho

18.                     1989-2003 Raphael I BeDaweed

19.                     2003-2013 Emmanuel-Karim Daley

20.                     2013-current Louis Raphaël I Sako

References

The Might That Was Assyria; H.W.F. Saggs; Sidgwick and Jackson; 1984.

History of Assyria; A.T. Olmstead.

Hagarism: the Making of the Islamic World; Patricia Crone, Michael Cook; Cambridge University Press; 1977.

History of Christianity in Asia: Volume One, Beginnings to 1500; Samuel Moffet; Harper Collins; 1994.

Cambridge Ancient History: The Roman Republic, 133-44 B.C.; W. W. Tarn; Cambridge University Press; 1985; pp 597.

By Foot to China: Mission of the Church of the East, to 1400; John M. L. Young; Grey Pilgrim Publications; Lookout Mountain, GA; 1991.

The Nestorians and their Rituals; George Percy Badger.

A Short History of Syriac Christianity; W. Stewart McCullough.

Patriarch, Shah, and Caliph; William G. Young.

An Introduction to the History of the Assyrian Church; W. A. Wigram.

 

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