Hebrew Bible Timeline

Jewish dates for Bible Chronology — based on Hebrew Calendar
The current timeline in the Hebrew calendar is generally said to have been set down by Sanhedrin president Hillel II in approximately AD 359. At that time he is believed to have stated that Adam was created in the seventh month of the year we now call 3761 BC. Thus, 23rd September 2006 is the start of Jewish year AM 5767, not the close of 6024 years. Click here to confirm this on a Hebrew Date Converter page. Thus, there is a difference between these two timelines of 258 years. Below I have set out places where this difference may have occurred, using New Testament NT references and beliefs that may well have not been acceptable to Hillel.

Click here for NT timeline.

Click here for a reconciliation with Archbishop James Ussher's chronology.

Hebrew Year
(Bible NT Year)
3760 BC
(4018 BC)
Adam Seth Enos Cainan Mahalaleel Jared Enoch Methuselah Lamech Noah (10th generation)

Click here for written records, worldwide, referring to these 10 "fathers" or "kings" pre-flood, also Noah, his 3 sons, and the 4 wives who were saved.

Shem Arphaxad Salah Eber(Hebrew) Peleg Reu Serug Nahor Terah (19th generation)

1882 BC
(2140 BC)
Terah was born 1878 years later and lives 205 years
1812 BC
(2070 BC)
Birth of his children when Terah was 70 years old
1737 BC
(1935 BC)
Abraham (20th generation) left Haran to go into the land of Canaan when he was 75 years of age. Here is the first passage where we need the New Testament to interpret it correctly. In Genesis 11:26 it says that Terah was 70 years old and he had 3 sons: Abraham and his 2 brothers. Abraham is mentioned first as he is the most important, but he was not the eldest. In Acts 7:4 it says Abraham lived in Haran until his father died. This point is not found in Genesis and must have been recorded in documents that were not available to Hillel. As his father was 205 years old when he died, Terah must have been 130 years old when Abraham was born. Thus we have a 60 year difference.
1307 BC
(1505 BC)
The Exodus 430 years later
1267 BC
(1465 BC)
Joshua enters Canaan. Commencement of the period of the judges/administrator-leaders.
 911 BC
(1015 BC)
Samuel. During his administration, anoints Saul (a Benjaminite) to be king. Here is the second passage where we need the New Testament to interpret it correctly. In 1 Kings 6:1 it says the temple was built in the 480th year of being out of Egypt the place of servitude. However, to not realize that this therefore excluded the 94 years of servitude during the time of the judges, leaves the period of the judges up to Samuel as being only 356 years, while Acts 13:20 clearly states it was 450 years. Click here for details of that 94 year difference. Thus 356 years were assumed until this time of Samuel. His administration, including the reign of Saul, covers 40 years (see Acts 13:21)
 871 BC
(975 BC)
Reign of King David (from Judah) - 40 years (see 1 Kings 2:11)
 831 BC
(935 BC)
Reign of King Solomon (David's son) - Reigned 40 years (see 1 Kings 11:42)
 791 BC
(895 BC)
After his reign Israel splits into two. 390 years of division. (see Ezekiel 4:4)
 419 BC
(523 BC)
Beginning of Babylonian captivity in 1st year of Nebuchadnezzar (see Jeremiah 25:1-11)
 401 BC
(505 BC)
Jerusalem destroyed (including the temple) in July-August 506 BC in King Neb's 19th year (see 2 Kings 25:8). Judah sets off back to Egypt in 505BC. It is 390 years from end of Solomon's reign and exactly 1000 years from Exodus.
 349 BC
(453 BC)
70 years captivity complete. Babylon now completely fallen to the Medes and Persians. Zerubbabel with Joshua/Yeshuwa the High Priest leads the Jews back to Israel as decreed by King Cyrus in Persia. The temple eventually rebuilt and Ezra the scribe returns.
 300 BC
(404 BC)
Walls rebuilt by Nehemiah and restoration fully complete. People now await the coming of the Anointed One, known as Messiah (Hebrew) or Christ (Greek)
 135 AD
(135 AD)
It is now 483 years (69 sevens) from using the date of 349 BC for Cyrus's decree till the cutting off of the man the Jews believed was the Christ - see the prophecy in Daniel 9:25-26. Bar Kokhba (as assumed Messiah) leads a rebellion and both he and Jews in Jerusalem are cut off (104 years after Jesus was "cut off"). Here we have the third passage with a 104 year difference between the New Testament scriptures and Jewish belief. So, 60+94+104 equals 258.

With regards to current scholarship:

  1. Click here for a modern Jewish timeline, which also adheres to the creation of Adam in October 3761BC.
  2. Initial discrepancy of 258 years (in NT records) continues down to Shem when it becomes 257 years.
    Shem is shown as being born in 2203BC (in NT records 2460BC).
  3. After Abraham is shown as being born (1813BC), some records become more vague.
  4. Exodus according to a Sinai Torah regarding Canaan Entry 1280BC (in NT records 1505BC). An alternate timeline in chabad.org placed the Exodus in 1313BC, 500 years from Abraham, and 400 years from Isaac's birth.
  5. Samuel 1050BC (in NT records 1015BC) follows the judges having a much, much shorter timespan.
  6. Destruction of temple in Jerusalem is about 586BC (in NT records 506BC) and matches up with Ptolemy / Greek / Ussher's records. It shows the Persian empire's reign over the Jews lasting 539BC - 331BC i.e. about 208 years (in NT records 134 years). Awkwardly, the bulk of Persian records were destroyed by Alexander the Great when he captured Persia.
  7. Click here again for Chabad.org's timeline, which holds that the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem occurred in 423BC, its rebuilding under Darius recommenced in 353BC, and was completed in 349BC. This is much closer to Hillel's calendar above and was in accord with a statement found in the Jewish Talmud that the second temple stood for 420 years before its destruction in 70AD.
  8. Click here for a full account of Persian, Jewish and Roman history at this time.
    Click here for a timeline of Greek history during the period from Solon to Alexander the Great.


On Monday March 20, 2017 2:51 PM, "Stephen Williamson" wrote:

Subject:King Solomon, lost, uncounted years, and new starts :-)

Building the First Temple

1505BCMarch-April Jews leave Egypt
932 BCMay-June Solomon's 4th year commences. He will start building the temple in the following April-May during this 4th year.
573calendar years (September to September)
-94uncounted, lost years in bondage in Canaan. Click here for more details.
479years of freedom since the Exodus. It is now the 480th “counted” year. Solomon spends 7 years working on the temple, ending in October-November 925 BC in his 11th year. He will now spend 13 years working on his palace.


Dedicating the First Temple

1505BCMarch-April Jews leave Egypt
912 BCSeptember-October Dedication of 1st temple, in Solomon’s 24th year.
593calendar years (September to September)
-94cycles in bondage in Canaan
499years of freedom are past, now commences the 500th “counted” cycle from Exodus. Fifty, or 500, is a number that follows seven sevens, or 70 times seven and relates to God’s freedom of forgiveness and worship. Inside the temple, it says the priests couldn’t stand to minister.


Solomon falling away from God

1465BC Joshua leads them into the land (1st year)
912 BC September-October Dedication of 1st temple
553 years or 79 sabbath years (which come every 7th year).

So it commences the 80th sabbath year cycle, ending 7 years later in Sep-Oct 905 BC.
Exactly 600 years from the Exodus.
Six is the number of man, and Solomon, for all his wisdom, turns from God to worshiping idols.


Building the Second Temple

April-May 931BC Foundation of the 1st temple by Solomon (second month of his 4th year of reigning)

April-May 452BC Foundation of the 2nd temple by Zerubbabel (second month of his 2nd year from the release)

Hmm, it again follows 479 cycles, this time between foundations, it comes the 480th cycle from the first temple’s foundation.
However, ongoing work is then delayed due to opposition, lack of prayer, indifference, until 70 years pass from the first temple's first destruction,
which will be 1070 years from that year the Jews first left Egypt in 1505 BC.


Finishing the Second Temple

435 BC Second temple recommences (in Persian king Darius's second year)

431 BC March-April Finishes (in Darius's sixth year) and 500 years from foundation of the 1st temple. A new start.

70 AD Second temple destroyed. 500 years from finish of second. Again, a new start, but this time with the Gentiles.

Blessings all Steve

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