Population History of China, India, and others, contrasted with the West
from 1 AD - 2019 AD

These estimates are taken mainly from www.populstat.com and www.worldometers.info and here for ancient China and here for ancient India

Intro: Population in 1 AD

World Population estimate is 200 million.
China estimate 60 million, India 60 million, and the Parthian Empire (modern day Iran) between 7 - 20 million.
A census in 1857 showed Persia (as it was then known) to be just 4 million. Since 1857 Iran has grown to 80 million.
Click here for the start of the Parthian kingdom under Cyrus the Great, as recorded in Daniel.

The population of individual nations / tribes in the rest of Asia was probably less than one million. Also the case in much of Africa, in Australia, and possibly also America, in their "pueblos" as the Spanish later called their villages. Where every tribe with their own languages and in most cases, their own scripts settled after the flood. People as now moved to where education, farms and townships, trade roads and ports predominated, and where business contracts could be made.

In this Roman Empire estimate from 14 AD, the eastern region shows Anatolia (modern day Turkey) with 8 million, Egypt and Libya 5 million, Syria and Judaea 4 million, the Greek Peninsula 3 million, totalling 20 million.

In the West, Italy including Rome shows 7 million, Gaul (ie Britain & France) plus Germany 6 million, Iberia (Spain) 5 million, Danube Region (ie Austria-Hungary & Slavic peoples) 3 million, Maghreb (Northern Africa) 3 million, Others 1 million, totalling 25 million.

End intro

In the columns below, India includes the modern countries of Pakistan and Bangladesh up to 1900.

Click here for a History of India, a most diverse country, with numerous languages and scripts.

Click here for some Background to China, by 1800 easily the largest kingdom in the world with its own language and script.

Click here for Moscow in 1283, traditionally the year of its first monastery. With relation to the history of the Ukraine, the country was incorporated into Russia during the years 1654-1795, and except for a short period in 1918-1921, not achieving independence until the breakup of the USSR in 1991. Click here for other Soviet Republics.

Click here for the History of Canada, Mexico and the US, and their breaking away from Europe while retaining the French language to some extent in Canada, Spanish in Mexico, and English in the US. Through the US's predominant influence in the United Nations (at least initially), in Banking, in Media and in Computers, US English today has become the defacto international language.

China
Han Chinese
IndiaPakistanBangladeshIndonesiaJapanRussia & USSR(1922‑1991)
Area Sq.Kms.9.5 million3.3 million880,000150,0001.9 million
(Java 128,000)
378,00017 million
USSR(22.4 million)
Main Language
after 1800
MandarinHindiPunjabi & EnglishBengaliJavanese & IndonesianJapanese
Nippon/Nihon
Russian
Russkiy
Population in millions
2000 BCUnknown6
500 BC1225
1 AD6060< 1< 1< 1
15006110086
1600511301214
17002101702615
17501801802623
1800300190162635
1850430240232768
19004002954344133
193049028023366164161
195055535040427083181
196066043050528893214
19708205406067115105243
198010006808388147118265
19901170830112110181124288
200012801000142129212127146
201013601170187153243128143
201914181362203167268127144

 

England, France, Germany, Italy, Spain

Click here for inner London's population growth, from perhaps 30,000 in 60AD to 50,000 in 1340 to 200,000 in 1600 to 1 million in 1800 to 4½ million in 1900. In 2011 inner London was about 3 million, outer boroughs were 5 million, totalling 8 million

EnglandFranceGermanyItalySpain
Area Sq.Kms.130,000644,000357,000300,000505,000
Main Language
after 1500
EnglishFrench
Francais
German
Deutsche
Italian
Italiano
Spanish
Espagnol
Population in millions
1 AD375
110021167
120041388
13005Bubonic Plague (Black Death in England) 1348-1349 and 1361-1362
140021410
150021612118
160042015128
170052415137
1800829251710
18501635352413
19003040563218
19503942684728
20004960835741
20195565825946

 

Population (in millions) of Scotland, Wales and Ireland, historically very low relative to England

Island of Ireland
IrelandNorthern IrelandScotlandWales
Area Sq.Kms.70,00014,00080,00020,000
Main Language
before English
Irish Gaelic
before 1840
Scottish Gaelic
before 1600-1700
British Celtic
before 1911
Population in millions
1 ADUnknown
12001
150020.50.25
160020.80.35
1700310.4
177041.40.5
18406.531.652.61
1844-46Great Potato Famine, a time when 3 million people in Ireland were dependent on the potato crop as a food source, disease probably from the US wiped it out during three years. By 1851, 22,000 had died from starvation, a conservative figure of 400,000 had died from famine-related diseases (diphtheria, dysentery, cholera, smallpox, influenza), and one million had emigrated, mostly to the US.
18515.111.442.91.1
18704.051.363.4
19202.971.255
20003.91.6853
20194.91.95.33.1

 

Australia, USA, Canada, Mexico and Brazil

AustraliaUSACanadaMexicoBrazil
Area Sq.Kms.7.7 million9.8 million10 million2 million8.5 million
Main Language
after 1800
EnglishEnglishEnglish
(& French)
SpanishPortuguese
Population in millions
1 ADUnknown
1800554
1820106
18401727
1860131388
188025041012
190047651418
1920510691427
19407132122041
19508151142854
196010179183872
197013203215295
1980152272569121
1990172492885149
20001928131102175
20102230934117197
20192532837132212

Click here for What about the billions who have never heard about Jesus

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